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Application to ACO Association Conference Organization for Coaches and Talent.

 

With TJ Morris Media Publishing  Agency

Glomar response

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In United States law, the term Glomar response, also known as Glomarization or Glomar denial,[1] refers to a “neither confirm nor deny” (NCND) response to a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request. There are two types of instances in which a Glomarization has been used. The first is in a national security context, where to deny a request on security grounds would provide information that the documents or programs which the requester is seeking indeed exist. Glomarization is also used in the case of privacy, in which a response as to whether or not a person is or is not mentioned in law enforcement files may have a stigmatizing connotation.[1]

Lower courts have thus far ruled the Glomar response to have potential merit if the secretive nature of the material truly requires it, and only if the agency provides “as much information as possible” to justify its claim. Otherwise, the principles established in FOIA may outweigh claims to secrecy. 4External links

Origin of the term

The USNS Hughes Glomar Explorer was a large salvage vessel built by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) for its covert “Project Azorian“—an attempted salvaging of a sunken Soviet submarine. In February 1975, aware of the pending publication of a story in the Los Angeles Times, the CIA sought to stop the story’s publication. Journalist Harriet Ann Phillippi requested that the CIA provide disclosure of both the Glomar project and its attempts to censor the story, to which the CIA chose to “neither confirm nor deny” both the project’s existence and its attempts to keep the story unpublished. This claim stood, and Phillippi’s FOIA request was rejected, though when the Ford administration was replaced by the Carter administration in 1977 after the 1976 presidential election, the government position on the particular case was softened and both of Phillippi’s claims were confirmed.[2][3]

The “Glomar response” precedent still stood, and has since had bearing in FOIA cases such as in the 2004 lawsuit American Civil Liberties Union v. Department of Defense, wherein Federal Judge Alvin Hellerstein rejected the Department of Defense and CIA’s use of the Glomar response in refusing to release documents and photos depicting abuse at Abu Ghraib prison.

“Glomar” is the syllabic abbreviation of Global Marine, the company commissioned by the CIA to build the Glomar Explorer.

According to a Radiolab podcast, the original text of the Glomar response was written by Walt Logan (pseudonym), who was at that time an Associate General Counsel at the CIA. So as not to divulge to the Soviet Union either what the CIA knew or did not know, the response read:

“We can neither confirm nor deny the existence of the information requested but, hypothetically, if such data were to exist, the subject matter would be classified, and could not be disclosed.]

The original text of the CIA’s reply of May 21, 1975, to Phillippi’s FOIA request, seems to have been:[5]

Mr. Duckett has determined that, in the interest of national security, involvement by the U.S. Government in the activities which are the subject matter of your request can neither be confirmed nor denied. Therefore, he has determined that the fact of the existence or non-existence of any material or documents that may exist which would reveal any CIA connection or interest in the activities of the Glomar Explorer is duly classified Secret in accordance with criteria established by Executive Order 11652. Acknowledgement of the existence or non-existence of the information you request could reasonably be expected to result in the compromise of important intelligence operations and significant scientific and technological developments relating to the national security, and might also result in a disruption in foreign relations significantly affecting the national security.[5]

In 2014, the CIA opened its Twitter account with, “We can neither confirm nor deny that this is our first tweet.”[6]

 

Wikisource has original text related to this article:

Executive Order 11652

Plausible deniability

ACO American Consultants Organization Network Media , American Conferences Organizers Contract as Agent also known as Association for Conference Organizers Agents, Consultants, and Organizations

 and ACO Network Media Partners as sometimes ACE Talent Development and Exposition Management.

COMPANY ACCEPTANCE: This Contract is between the Association for Conference Organizations Talent Development (hereinafter referred to as “ACO” or  sometimes as “Exposition Management”) and the Contracting Company (hereinafter referred to as “Exhibitor”). ACO Network Media Partners is working on behalf of ACO as an agent of and independent contractor to ACO. This document, when signed by Exhibitor, with or without appropriate payment of the exhibit fee, constitutes a binding, irrevocable, legal agreement on Exhibitor; enforceable against Exhibitor in accordance with its terms. Exhibitor does hereby apply for the reservation of space at the ACO 2018 International Conference & Exposition in San Diego, CA.

ACO  Network Media Partners and ACE TALENT NETWORK MEDIA CONTRACT`

ACO Contract shall become a legally binding contract on ACO; enforceable in accordance with its terms. Acceptance of contract will be made via email, phone, or booth reservation on the ACO  2018 floor plan. Exhibitor agrees to be bound by the Application & Contract, Contract Terms on Forms A & B, the Exhibitor Service Manual and/or any other regulations issued prior to the exposition by ACO. Cancellations, in whole or in part, must be made in writing, and are subject to cancellation fees outlined in the Contract Terms on Forms A & B. By signing this contract, Exhibitor agrees they are responsible for full payment. Exhibitor also agrees to comply with all federal, state and local laws, as well as the rules of the San Diego Convention Center.

CANCELLATION OR DOWNSIZING: Upon providing written notice, an Exhibitor may cancel or downsize from the Exhibit subject to the following conditions and restrictions: A. If a written cancellation or downsize notification is received before June 30, 2017, 100% of the commitment will be released. Exhibitor will not be liable for agreement terms. B. If a written cancellation or downsize notification is received at ACO Network Media Partners June 30, 2017 through September 15, 2017. 50% of the contract total will be released or refunded. Remaining 50% of contract total will be due immediately. Exhibitor is liable for remaining contract total and all terms and conditions. C. If a written cancellation or downsize notification is received at Network Media Partners after September 15, 2017 no refunds will be issued. Exhibitor is liable for full contract total, and all terms and conditions. In such case, Exhibitor becomes obligated to make immediate payment of any unpaid portion of the total contract cost. Exhibitor is liable for all terms and conditions. In the event of cancellation or downsizing, Exposition Management reserves the right to use the cancelled/downsized space, including the sale of space to another Exhibitor without any rebate or allowances to the cancelled/downsized Exhibitor. By cancelling exhibit space participation Exhibitor will forfeit all exhibit benefits.

PAYMENT: Payment is due upon receipt of scheduled invoice from ACO Network Media Partners or, in the case of credit card payment, upon signature of this agreement and terms. Booth assignment is contingent upon receipt of payment in full. Exposition Management reserves the right to cancel space and to sell the space to another Exhibitor without any rebate or allowances to the former Exhibitor if the full amount of the rental charge has not been received.

Please make all checks payable to ACO Network Media Partners/

stated on both Form A and Form B. This document when signed by the contracting company constitutes a binding and irrevocable legal agreement on the contracting company. The individual signing this document represents and warrants that you are duly authorized to execute this binding contract on behalf of the contracting company. Cancellations must be made in writing and are subject to the terms and fees outlined in the contract terms on Forms A & B. Terms are enforced regardless if contracting company does not attend the conference or the exhibit space is resold. (Should the agreement be referred to a collection agency/attorney for any reason, the contracting company and or representing agency of said contracting company, is responsible to pay a 25% attorney fee plus interest, lost discounts, and costs associated with any and all collection efforts.) ACO Network Media Partners and Cosmos Expo provides management and web hosting services.

CONTRACT TERMS — FORM A EXHIBIT SPACE Exhibit Space includes: 8’ back drape and 3’ side drape, ID sign, 1 Full Conference and 3 EXPO Only registrations per 100 sq. ft., pre- and post-conference attendee mailing lists (based on list terms), and BASIC listing: company address, telephone, website address, 3 Areas of Expertise, 250 character company description for the on-site program guide, show specials, and online welcome message and 1000 character company description. EXPOSITION SPONSORSHIP AND MANAGEMENT This Exposition sometimes referred to as “EXPO” is produced by and is the property of ACO, sometimes referred to as ‘Exposition Management.’

ACO Network Media Partners provides  Cosmos Expo exposition management and attendance promotion and appoints an official service contractor to provide all show services to exhibitors.

TERMINATION OF EVENT If the premises where the Exposition is to be housed are destroyed or damaged, or the Exposition fails to take place as scheduled or is relocated or interrupted and discontinued or access to the premises is prevented or interfered with by reason of any strike, lockout, injunction, act of war, act of God, emergency declared by any government agency, or for any other reason, this contract may be terminated by ACO. In the event of such termination, the Exhibitor waives any and all damages and claims for damages and agrees that the sole liability of ACO  shall be to return to each Exhibitor the Exhibitor’s space payment received, less a proportionate share of the exposition cost incurred. EXHIBITOR’S REPRESENTATIVE Each Exhibitor’s organization must name one person to be its official representative, with authorization to enter into such service contracts necessary for the installation and removal of exhibits and the provision of services, for which the Exhibitor will be responsible. At least one person must be in the exhibit booth during all hours the Exposition is open. ASSIGNMENT OF SPACE Space assignment will be determined using a priority point system (ACO’s Priority Points System document, available upon request) based upon square footage, consecutive years of history of exhibiting in prior ACO International Conference & Expositions, and timeliness of submitting the Contract and payment. Upon completion of priority point system deadline, allocation of available space will be made on the basis of the applicant’s choice preferences. Prior to Exposition Management contracting with an exhibitor, all debts owed to the Society by the potential exhibitor must be paid in full. A Contract will not be accepted and booth space will not be assigned to a company that has an outstanding balance on accounts due to ACO Network Media Partners. PRIORITY POINTS Priority points are the property of ACO and not the property of an exhibiting company; rather they are simply used to determine the order of space selection. Priority Points cannot be transferred, sold, or assigned. Priority Point totals and criteria are available upon request. GENERAL Exposition Management reserves the right to determine the eligibility of any Exhibitor. Exposition Management reserves sole control over admission policies. These Contract Terms are established for the mutual protection of ACO Network Media Partners, and the Exhibitor. ACO Cosmos Expo Exposition Management reserves the right to make such changes in the time schedule or in the general plan of the Exposition as may be deemed by the Exposition Management to be in the best interests of exhibitors and the Exposition generally. All matters and questions not covered by these Contract Terms are subject to the decision of the Exposition Management. All terms of the Application & Contract will be enforced by ACO through Cosmos Expo Exposition Management. SHARING AND SUBLETTING Exhibitor agrees not to assign or sublet the whole or any portion of the rented space covered by this contract, including clients or partners of an organization. For each additional company subletting or sharing space, a fee of $3,850 will be charged to the exhibiting company per 10’x10’ booth. OCCUPANCY OF SPACE All exhibits must be completed and in place by 5:00 p.m., 10/18/18, for opening on 10/187/18. Official opening time on 5/7/18, will be published in the ACO Guide Exhibitor Service Manual. Exposition Management reserves the right to set, at the Exhibitor’s expense, any booth(s) not set by 5:00 p.m., 10/18/18. Exposition Management, therefore, reserves the right, should any rented space remain unoccupied at 5:00 p.m., 10/18/18, or at any time thereafter, to rent or occupy said space. But this clause shall not be construed as affecting the obligation of Exhibitor to pay the full amount of the rental provided for in this contract for space, nor shall it affect the right of ACO Network Media Partners to retain as liquidated damages the whole or any part of the rental received.

INSTALLATION, SHOW, AND DISMANTLING

Installation, Show, and Dismantling hours and dates shall be those specified by Exposition Management. Packing of exhibits prior to the close of the show is prohibited. Exhibitors dismantling or packing exhibits prior to official closing time will forfeit Priority Points for the current show. Exhibitor shall be liable for all storage and handling charges for failure to remove exhibits by specified time and date. FLOOR PLAN All dimensions and locations shown on the official floor plan are believed, but not warranted, to be accurate. ACO Network Media Partners have the absolute right to allocate and assign space among exhibitors and to relocate exhibitors after initial assignment if circumstances warrant at its sole discretion.

BADGES

One complimentary Full Conference Registration will be allowed for each 100 square feet of exhibit space rented. This entitles one official exhibiting company representative to attend all educational events (pre-conference workshops and certificate programs require additional fees). Exhibitors also receive 3 Exhibitor Personnel Badges per 100 square feet of exhibit space which allow access to the EXPO only. Full Conference and Exhibitor Personnel badges shall be restricted to full-time employees of exhibiting organizations or other authorized representatives of exhibiting firms approved by Exposition Management who are actually staffing the exhibit booth during published move-in, show open and/or move-out hours. All exhibit personnel shall wear proper badge identification, as provided by Exposition Management, prominently displayed for viewing by Exposition Management or the representatives of the official contractor for security, at all times. Badges are not transferable and those worn by other than the person to whom issued will be confiscated. Exhibitor badges may be picked-up on-site at the main conference registration desk. SOLICITATION The aisles and all other spaces in the Exposition and San Diego Convention Center shall be under the control of ACO Network Media Partners. All displays, interviews, conferences, distribution of literature, lectures or any other type of activity shall be conducted inside the space contracted for. Standing in aisles or in front of exhibit booths of other Exhibitors for advertising purposes is strictly prohibited. Exhibitors who sell items for delivery on the show floor may be required to collect and remit city and state sales taxes. Persons connected with non-exhibiting companies are prohibited from any dealing, exhibiting, or soliciting within the Exposition. If an exhibitor solicits in public space and/or to other exhibiting companies, priority points may be forfeited. LIABILITY AND INSURANCE Exhibitor shall at all times protect, indemnify, defend and save and keep ACO Network Media Partners, and San Diego Convention Center, and the official general services contractor totally harmless from any and all loss, cost, damage, liability, expense, negligence or willful act or out of or by reason of any accident or other occurrence to anything or anyone, including the Exhibitor, its agents, employees and business invitees, which arises from or out of or by reason of said Exhibitor’s installation, removal, maintenance, occupancy and use of the exhibit booth and presence on the exhibition premises or a part thereof. ACO Network Media Partner, Agent, Actor must submit an executed release of liability from its third party representative in charge of providing installation and dismantling services prior to set-up. SHIPPING It is recommended that all property be shipped through the official ACO shipping contractor(s) by each Exhibitor. San Diego Convention Center does not accept direct shipments, so all materials must be sent to the advance warehouse to direct to show site through the official general services contractor. EXHIBIT LABOR All decorating, display, drayage theatrical, rigging, production, audio visual, commercial presentations, as well as all material handling for conventions, trade show, promotional displays and consumer show are performed by the official services contractor. This includes floor layout, carpet, drapes, rental furniture, decorating rental items, masking, aisle signs, hanging special signs, unloading and reloading freight, delivery of material to the exhibit booth, installation and dismantling of booths and rigging. Full time employees of an exhibiting firm may install and dismantle their own respective company display, if such work can be completed in less than 60 minutes and without the use of mechanized tools. Product display and placement is not included in these work rules and is the exclusive right of full time employees of an exhibiting firm. If full-time company personnel are utilized to set an exhibit, they should carry positive company identification such as a business card, medical identification card or payroll stub. Exhibitors may “hand carry” material to their booth. See Exhibitor Manual for complete rules regarding hand carried materials. The official general services contractor will maintain control and access to the loading docks to ensure a safe and orderly move-in/move-out. Local union personnel will unload trucks or other vehicles utilizing the loading docks. No privately owned vehicles (POV) will be allowed on or in the dock area except for loading and unloading of exhibits and must receive a dock entry authorization form from security. Loading and unloading through the lobby is prohibited. Unions claim jurisdiction under all other circumstances. Exhibitor’s shall abide by any and all agreements made by and between and among ACO Network Media Partners, and  San Diego Convention Center, and any union and/or other labor groups having jurisdiction at the Exposition.

 

Standard Arbitration if filed as ACO Network Media Partners or TJ Morris Media Publishing Agency

Any controversy or claim arising out of or relating to this Contract, or the breach thereof, shall be settled by arbitration in accordance with the Rules of the American Arbitration Association, and judgment upon the award rendered by the Arbitrator(s) may be entered in any Court having jurisdiction thereof. Arbitration will be held in Maryland. This contract shall be deemed entered into in Maryland, and shall be interpreted according to the laws of the state of Maryland,

CONTRACT TERMS — FORM B FIREPROOFING No smoking is allowed in any ACO conference and exposition area or within San Diego Convention Center. No storage of any kind is allowed behind booths or near electrical service. San Diego Convention Center does not provide storage for crates or freight of any kind. All packing containers, wrapping materials, carrying cases, etc., must be stored off the exhibit floor. Exhibitors must make arrangements with the official general services contractor for storage of crates and other packing materials on-site. Materials for handouts must be stored neatly within the booth and not be more than one day supply. All exit doors, exit signs, fire hose cabinets, fire extinguishers, standpipes or any other fire safety equipment must be visible and accessible at all times. All materials used in exhibit construction, decoration or as a temporary cover must be certified as flame retardant or a sample must be available for testing. Materials that cannot be treated to meet the requirements may not be used. Hay and straw used for decoration shall be flame retardant or covered with flame retardant tarpaulin; otherwise it must be stored and maintained in a manner approved by the Fire Marshal. Artificial lighting such as candles, lanterns or tea lights is strictly prohibited. Sawdust and shavings shall be maintained flameproof at all times. Open flames and burning or smoke-emitting materials, shall be used as part of an act, display or show only under permit from and with prior approval of San Diego Convention Center Event Services Department. Combustible shipping containers shall be stored in an area, and in a manner approved by the San Diego Fire Department and San Diego Convention Center. San Diego Convention Center inspects all exhibits to ensure compliance. SPACE, POSTING, AND PUBLICITY RESTRICTIONS Exhibitors are prohibited from using any part of the ACO International Conference & Exposition conference theme. Exhibits must be confined to the exact space allocated. Circulars, publications, advertising matter, and all kinds of promotional giveaways may be distributed only within booth spaces. Nothing shall be posted on, or tacked, nailed, screwed or otherwise attached to columns, walls, floors or other parts of the building or furniture, exposition, or San Diego Convention Center. Signs, rails, etc., will not be permitted to intrude into or over aisles. Access to public utilities, fire hose cabinets, heating and air conditioning vents, lighting fixtures, skylights, and fire sprinkler system shall not be obstructed at any time.

CHARACTER OF EXHIBITS

Exposition Management reserves the right to judge the appropriateness of any exhibit and to decline to permit an Exhibitor to conduct or maintain an exhibit if, in the judgment of the Exposition Management, said Exhibitor or exhibit or proposed exhibit shall, in any respect, be deemed unsuitable. This reservation relates to persons, conduct, article of merchandise, printed matter, souvenirs, catalogs, and any and all other things, without limitation, which might negatively affect the character of the Exposition. In the event that Exposition Management shall determine that the conduct of any Exhibitor or its employees, agents or servants is not in keeping with the character of the Exposition, Exposition Management may, at any time, without notice, terminate the contract for space entered into with said Exhibitor and, with or without process of law, remove Exhibitor, its employees, agents, servants, and all of the property of the Exhibitor from the space contracted for and from the Exposition. No Exhibitor shall have any right or claim against ACO Network Media Partners, or Exposition Management on account of any action so taken. The determination of the Exposition Management as to the suitability of any Exhibitor, exhibit or proposed exhibit as to whether any exhibit or the conduct of any person is in keeping with the character of the Exposition shall, in each instance, be final. Side show tactics, scantily clad individuals or other undignified promotional methods will not be permitted. The use of live models, performers and similar persons within the exhibit areas for product/service demonstrations, explanations, etc., must be approved in advance by Exposition Management. Exhibits should be conducted in a manner not to be objectionable or offensive to neighboring booths. TYPES OF EXHIBITS Exposition Management retains sole discretion and authority in the placement, arrangement and appearance of all displays. A “good neighbor policy” will be in effect at all times in the exposition. All exhibits must conform to these regulations. Exhibits not in compliance must be brought into compliance prior to the end of exhibit set up. ACO and Network Media Partners reserves the right to set, at Exhibitor’s expense, any booth(s) not in compliance or not set at the end of exhibit set-up, 5:00 p.m., 10/18/18. Consult your floor plan for size of exhibit space. All dimensions indicated are outside measurements. Build your display to fit inside this area. 8’ high back drape and 3’ high side drape will be in show colors determined by Exposition Management. Exhibitors may not remove show drape, but can have additional drape placed in front of the ACO drape, at the Exhibitor’s expense. Where an Exhibitor’s display is built beyond the limitations and restrictions as set forth in these rules, Exposition Management reserves the right to correct such display violations by having Exhibitor alter, remove or rearrange any or all of the display so that it will comply with regulations. If the Exhibitor is not available to make such corrections, Exposition Management has the authority to make any and all necessary corrections at the Exhibitor’s expense. In cases where the reverse side of an Exhibitor’s back wall, sidewall, riser, display, or table(s) is exposed to view, such portion of this display must be suitably finished with fireproof material so that no part of the display construction, electrical wiring or the like, can be seen from the aisles or adjoining booths belonging to other exhibitors. Exhibitors are required to drape the exposed ends and sides of their displays, especially in the case of end spaces. If aisle caps are not ordered in advance by the Exhibitor, Freeman Exposition Services, at Exposition Management request, will perform this service and charges will appear on the exhibitor’s invoice. Floor Covering Booth carpet or floor covering is required for all exhibits and must be ordered or provided by the Exhibitor, at the Exhibitor’s expense. If a floor covering is not in place by 5:00 p.m. 5/6/18, Freeman Exposition Services, at Exposition Management request, will perform this service and charges will appear on the exhibitor’s invoice. The following types of exhibits have been approved by ATD. Linear Booth Linear Booths have only one side exposed to an aisle and are generally arranged in a series along a straight line. They are also called “in-line” booths. Dimensions For purposes of consistency and ease of layout and/ or reconfiguration, floor plan design in increments of 10ft (3.05m) has become the de facto standard in the United States. Therefore, unless constricted by space or other limitations, Linear Booths are most commonly 10ft (3.05m) wide and 10ft (3.05m) deep, i.e. 10ft by 10ft (3.05m by 3.05m). A maximum back wall height limitation of 8ft (2.44m) is generally specified. Use of Space Regardless of the number of Linear Booths utilized, e.g. 10ft by 20ft (3.05m by 6.10m), 10ft by 30ft (3.05m by 9.14m), 10ft by 40ft (3.05m by 12.19m), etc. display materials should be arranged in such a manner so as not to obstruct sight lines of neighboring exhibitors. The maximum height of 8ft (2.44m) is allowed only in the rear half of the booth space, with a 4ft (1.22m) height restriction imposed on all materials in the remaining space forward to the aisle. Note: When three or more Linear Booths are used in combination as a single exhibit space, the 4ft (1.22m) height limitation is applied only to that portion of exhibit space which is within 10ft (3.05m) of an adjoining booth. Perimeter Booth A Perimeter Booth is a Linear Booth that backs to an outside wall of the exhibit facility rather than to another exhibit. Dimensions and Use of Space All guidelines for Linear Booths apply to Perimeter Booths except that the typical maximum back wall height is 12ft (3.66m). Island Booth An Island Booth is any size booth exposed to aisles on all four sides. Dimensions An Island Booth is typically 20’ x 20’ or larger, although it may be configured differently. Use of Space The entire cubic content of the space may be used up to the maximum allowable height, which is twenty-five foot (25’), including signage. Booth fixtures and display items may be placed anywhere inside the booth perimeter. Overhead signs, display structures, trusses, projectors, projection screens, video walls and/or other equipment suspended above any island booth must be professionally and safely rigged in accordance with any and all local union jurisdiction and life safety policies in effect at San Diego Convention Center and must be arranged through the official general services contractor. Any overhead sign, projection screen or similar display material and/or equipment hung from the ceiling of the building may not exceed 25ft. Any structure deemed to be unsafe and/or inappropriate by either Exposition Management or San Diego Convention Center authorities must be altered and/or taken down at the Exhibitor’s expense. Drawings of island booths must be available for inspection by Exposition Management, the installation and dismantling contractor, and the exhibitor during the time the exhibit is being erected, exhibited, and dismantled at the show site that include a signature or stamp of a reviewing structural engineer indicating that the structure design is properly engineered for its proposed use, and a signature of an authorized official of the exhibit building company indicating that the structure is built in compliance with the details and specifications set forth on the drawings. Unsafe exhibit construction, or any exhibits which encroach upon the aisles or other exhibit areas, are not permitted. Extended Header Booth 20ft (6.10m) or Longer An Extended Header Booth is a Linear Booth 20ft (6.10m) or longer with a center extended header. Dimensions and Use of Space All guidelines for Linear Booths apply to Extended Header Booths, except that the center extended header has a maximum height of 8ft (2.44m), a maximum width of 20 percent of the length of the booth, and a maximum depth of 9ft (2.7m) from the back wall. The above depict almost any situation. If your exhibit plans are not defined by these examples, contact ACO for other Important Considerations Hanging Signs & Graphics Hanging signs and graphics are permitted in all standard Island Booths, to a maximum height of twenty-five feet (25’). Whether suspended from above or supported from below, they should comply with all ordinary use-of-space requirements (for example, the highest point of any sign should not exceed the maximum allowable height for the booth type). Hanging Signs & Graphics should be set back ten feet (10’) from adjacent booths. Approval for the use of Hanging Signs & Graphics should be received from the exhibition organizer at least 60 days prior to installation. Drawings should be available for inspection. Towers A Tower is a freestanding exhibit component separate from the main exhibit fixture. The height restriction is the same as that which applies to the appropriate exhibit configuration being used. Towers in excess of eight feet (8’) should have drawings available for inspection. Fire and safety regulations in many facilities strictly govern the use of towers. A building permit may be required. Lighting Exhibitors should adhere to the following suggested minimum guidelines when determining booth lighting: • No lighting, fixtures, lighting trusses or overhead lighting are allowed outside the boundaries of the exhibit space. Exhibitors intending to use hanging light systems should submit drawings to exhibition management for approval, and the rigging of such system must also be approved by the San Diego Convention Center. • Lighting should be directed to the inner confines of the booth space. Lighting should not project onto other exhibits or show aisles. • Lighting which is potentially harmful, such as lasers or ultraviolet lighting, should comply with facility rules and be approved in writing by exhibition management. • Lighting that spins, rotates, pulsates and other specialized lighting effects should be in good taste and not interfere with neighboring exhibitors or otherwise detract from the general atmosphere of the event.

CONTRACT TERMS — FORM B PROJECTION OF PICTURES Booth space must be able to contain within its outside measurements a reasonably sized audience if projected pictures (motion pictures, video, slides, transparencies, opaque materials, etc.) and demonstrations are shown in the Exposition. Any activity that results in obstruction of aisles or prevents ready access to nearby Exhibitors’ booths shall be suspended for any periods specified by Exposition Management. SOUND RESTRICTIONS In general, exhibitors may use sound equipment in their booths so long as the noise level does not disrupt the activities of neighboring exhibitors. Speakers and other sound devices should be positioned so as to direct sound into the booth rather than into the aisle. Rule of thumb: Sound and noise should not exceed 85 decibels. COPYRIGHT Exhibitor represents and warrants that it shall comply with all copyright restrictions applicable to exhibitors, including but not limited to, any music performance agreement between ACO and ASCAP or BMI for meetings, conventions, trade shows and expositions. Exhibitor further represents and warrants that it shall obtain any additional license or grant of authority required of exhibitors under the copyright laws and be prepared to present Exposition Management with a copy of such license or grant no less than 30 days prior to the start of the Exposition. Exhibitor agrees to indemnify ACO, Network Media Partners, and San Diego Convention Center if the Exhibitor fails to obtain the required license(s). PHOTOGRAPHY/VIDEOTAPING Still photography and videotaping are not permitted in the Exposition or sessions during the conference. The ACO Official Photographer may be employed for individual booth photography. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY DISPUTES Contributory Infringement ACO condemns intellectual property infringement and counterfeiting; however, as a neutral organizer of the Exposition, ATD cannot get involved in exhibitor disputes or provide legal advice. Exhibitor agrees not to sue or threaten to sue ACO for contributory infringement or any other theory that ACO is indirectly or secondarily liable for a violation of intellectual property rights (e.g., trademark, copyright, or patent) by a third party. Indemnification & Hold Harmless Exhibitor warrants that it is the owner or licensee of all intellectual property used by Exhibitor at the Exposition or in promotion thereof. Exhibitor agrees to defend, indemnify, and hold harmless ACO for any action brought against ACO and any cost incurred by ACO, including attorneys’ fees, arising out of any dispute involving intellectual property owned or used by Exhibitor at the Exposition or in promotion thereof. DISABILITY PROVISIONS Exhibitor shall have sole responsibility for ensuring that its exhibit is in full compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and any regulations under that Act. Exhibitor will ensure the accessibility of its exhibit space, and agrees to hold harmless and indemnify ACO against any claims, damages, loss or exposure, including reasonable attorney’s fee and costs, arising out of or related to any alleged ADA violations. MISCELLANEOUS REGULATIONS a. The Exhibitor shall not foster or conduct outside activities which would take qualified attendees from Conference official functions and/or Exposition during scheduled hours. Use of meeting facilities by exhibitors or organizations for sales or business meetings during ACO Conference and Exposition dates must be approved in advance by Exposition Management. Hospitality suites shall not be open during Exposition hours or daytime Conference hours. b. All live animals are prohibited, with the exception of guide and service animals. c. Large helium filled balloons, such as advertising balloons, may be used only if they are securely anchored to the exhibit and are in compliance with height restrictions.. Helium balloons may not be distributed within the facility, but may be displayed as permanent fixture as long as it does not exceed height limitations. Helium gas cylinders used for refilling must be secured in an upright position on safety stands with the regulators and gauges protected from damage. Storage of helium compressed air cylinders is prohibited in the building. d. Food products or beverages to be distributed in any Exhibitor’s booth must be ordered from the official in-house catering company at San Diego Convention Center. e. Children under the age of 18 are not permitted in the Exposition at any time. f. Parking is prohibited on the loading docks of San Diego Convention Center. g. Vehicles may not be displayed without prior written approval from ACO and San Diego Convention Center. Fuel tanks can contain no more than ¼ tank of fuel. Fuel tank must be equipped with a locking or taped gas cap. Batteries must be disconnected once the vehicle is positioned. Auxiliary batteries not connected to the engine starting system may be left connected. A drip pan must be placed under vehicle drive train. Refueling or removal of fuel from vehicles on the premises is prohibited. Vehicles may not be started up or moved during show hours. A floor plan must be provided indicating where vehicle will be located. The show Security Company keeps keys for the vehicle(s). External chargers or batteries are recommended for demonstration purposes. Battery charging in only permitted outside the building. Combustible materials must not be stored beneath display vehicles. Vehicles in the building for loading and unloading must be attended at all times. Arrangements must be made at least 60 days prior to the event with San Diego Convention Center Event Coordinator. Except for equipment that uses liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) or natural gas as fuel, compressed gas cylinders, including LPG, and all flammable or combustible liquids are prohibited inside the building. Any other exceptions require a permit from the San Diego Convention Center Event Services Department and the San Diego Fire Marshal. h. Overnight storage of LPG, natural gas as fuel, or compressed gas cylinders is prohibited in the building and must be stored outside next to the outer walls; propane cylinders MUST be stored in designated storage cases on the San Diego Convention Center docks. Areas enclosed by solid walls and ceilings must be provided with approved smoke detectors, which are audible outside the area of the booth, and must display a charged fire extinguisher with a minimum rating of 3A40BC. This includes storage closets built into the exhibit. There must be at least two means of egress from any solid wall structure in excess of 200 square feet. Four copies of the floor plan must be submitted to San Diego Convention Center at least 45 days prior to installation. The plans must be certified and sealed by a licensed structural engineer or licensed architect. Plans will be reviewed by San Diego Convention Center and the San Diego Fire Department Fire Prevention Division for approval. A fire watch attendant who has been trained to operate fire extinguishers must be on duty at all times that the exhibit hall is closed, from the time the enclosure is completed until the time the enclosure is dismantled. Exhibitors who plan to demonstrate fuel-burning appliances in San Diego Convention Center must make arrangements with the Event Coordinator 60 days prior to the event. i. Lasers and x-ray equipment may only be used after receiving a Certificate of Licensure of Registration from the San Diego, CA Environmental Health Administration. In order to minimize unnecessary exposure and potential HAZMAT conditions, use of this equipment is only permissible in controlled environments. EXHIBITOR SOLUTION SESSION ROOMS & EXPERIENTIAL SESSIONS Failure to present or use room during allotted time will not result in refund of room fee. No cancellations. Exhibitor Solution Sessions include theatre-style seating, basic a/v, and session information on the conference website and the on-site program guide (subject to program guide deadlines). Serving or distribution of food or alcoholic beverages by companies or their representatives within the solution session is forbidden. Experiential set-up includes 20’x30’ carpeted area in EXPO, minimal audio visual, and session information on the conference website and in the onsite program guide (subject to program guide deadlines). VIP ROOMS Failure to present or use room during allotted time will not result in refund of room fee. No cancellations. VIP room includes 20’x20’x8’ partitioned wall unit on EXPO floor set conference for 10, theater for 35, or lounge style. ADVERTISING ON-SITE PROGRAM GUIDE OR CONFERENCE DAILY Advertisers are responsible for submitting ad copy at appropriate sizes and using the file requirements specified for the on-site program guide or Conference Daily. Please supply only high resolution PDF, EPS, or TIFF files. Ads cannot be submitted in any other formats. Send all ads with a proof. For further mechanical requirements, contact

Janet Lessin at aquarianradio@gmail.com or Theresa J Morris at tjmorrisagency@gmail.com

 

ACO Guide Book – Your Guide to EXPO, Schedule, and Attendee Services: Full page with bleed 8.75 x 11.375 Half page 7.125 x 5 1/4 page 3 x 5 Learn Book: Your Guide to Education Sessions: Full page 6.25 x 9.25 Conference Daily Ads: Full page 9.75 X 14 Half page 9.75 X 7 1/4 page 4.75 X 7 ADVERTISING & SPONSORSHIPS Acceptance of this agreement does not waive the right of the publisher to reject any agreement for ad space or reject any advertising copy. By selection of ad size and color, and with application signature you hereby agree to these terms as a representative of your company TOTE BAG INSERTS Inserts must be 8.5”x11” or smaller and the required piece count is approximately 1,000. Failure to supply advertising proof and/or materials by the deadlines will result in forfeiture of space without refund. BRANDING ENHANCEMENT: Branding Enhancement includes logo, in 4-color, placed above your company description in the ACO Look Book Program Guide as well as online listing enhancements: logo, video uploads, product slides, press releases, attendee agenda planner, and priority placement in the online exhibitor directory. DEADLINES All deadlines for exhibit and sponsor deliverables will be included in the booth confirmation, sponsorship confirmation and/or conference website no later than 10/15/18. DETAILS REGARDING PRE AND POST-CONFERENCE ATTENDEE MAIL LISTS All ACO Conference sponsors and exhibitors are eligible to use the pre- and post-conference attendee mail list for one time use through a 3rd party mail house. The pre-conference list is available approximately 30 days before the conference. The post-conference list is available within approximately 1 week following the conference, and only exhibitors who have completed the post-show survey will have access. The lists include: Attendee name, title (if provided), company, and address. No phone/fax/ email is provided. Only attendee registrants are included on the list. Pre-conference list typically contains about 1,000 names and the post-show list about 1,000 names. 1) Contact the ACO list provider, and provide the code for the ACO International Conference pre-conference mail list or post conference mail list. 2) Once you are verified as a contracted exhibitor, you will be sent a list rental agreement and order form to complete. You must also submit a sample of your mailing for approval. 3) The list provider will submit the pre- or post-conference mail list to a 3rd party mail house or agent to proceed with your mailing process. 4) Pre-show list expires first day of conference. Post-show list expires 60 days after it is available. 5) The attendee lists are not available for viewing

TJ Morris Media as ACO Network Media Partners

Theresa J Morris
ACE and ACO Founder
Media Partners

TJ Morris Media has formed ACO Network Media Partners.

The BRAND ACO

ACO Association

has been used with her Ascension Center Organization, ACE Folklife Association, TJ Morris Media Agency, and now the ACO Network Media Partners to promote the Cosmos Expo and other Conferences.

ACO Association for coaching talent shares interest in art, culture, education, science, technology, history, and folklife with Authors, Agents, Consultants, and Organizers.

ACO Regular Member Dues $50
Student-In-Training $35
Non-salaried Event Volunteer $35
Retired Volunteer Event Planner $35

ACO Network Media Partners

 

Cosmos Expo Conference Organizers share Stargate to the Cosmos Project 

 

Application to ACO Association Conference Organization for Coaches and Talent.

We support educaqtional entertainment in our Association Network Media Partners for Expo Management

Support for our Members.

With TJ Morris Media Publishing  Agency

Glomar response

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In United States law, the term Glomar response, also known as Glomarization or Glomar denial,[1] refers to a “neither confirm nor deny” (NCND) response to a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request. There are two types of instances in which a Glomarization has been used. The first is in a national security context, where to deny a request on security grounds would provide information that the documents or programs which the requester is seeking indeed exist. Glomarization is also used in the case of privacy, in which a response as to whether or not a person is or is not mentioned in law enforcement files may have a stigmatizing connotation.[1]

Lower courts have thus far ruled the Glomar response to have potential merit if the secretive nature of the material truly requires it, and only if the agency provides “as much information as possible” to justify its claim. Otherwise, the principles established in FOIA may outweigh claims to secrecy. 4External links

Origin of the term

The USNS Hughes Glomar Explorer was a large salvage vessel built by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) for its covert “Project Azorian“—an attempted salvaging of a sunken Soviet submarine. In February 1975, aware of the pending publication of a story in the Los Angeles Times, the CIA sought to stop the story’s publication. Journalist Harriet Ann Phillippi requested that the CIA provide disclosure of both the Glomar project and its attempts to censor the story, to which the CIA chose to “neither confirm nor deny” both the project’s existence and its attempts to keep the story unpublished. This claim stood, and Phillippi’s FOIA request was rejected, though when the Ford administration was replaced by the Carter administration in 1977 after the 1976 presidential election, the government position on the particular case was softened and both of Phillippi’s claims were confirmed.[2][3]

The “Glomar response” precedent still stood, and has since had bearing in FOIA cases such as in the 2004 lawsuit American Civil Liberties Union v. Department of Defense, wherein Federal Judge Alvin Hellerstein rejected the Department of Defense and CIA’s use of the Glomar response in refusing to release documents and photos depicting abuse at Abu Ghraib prison.

“Glomar” is the syllabic abbreviation of Global Marine, the company commissioned by the CIA to build the Glomar Explorer.

According to a Radiolab podcast, the original text of the Glomar response was written by Walt Logan (pseudonym), who was at that time an Associate General Counsel at the CIA. So as not to divulge to the Soviet Union either what the CIA knew or did not know, the response read:

“We can neither confirm nor deny the existence of the information requested but, hypothetically, if such data were to exist, the subject matter would be classified, and could not be disclosed.]

The original text of the CIA’s reply of May 21, 1975, to Phillippi’s FOIA request, seems to have been:[5]

Mr. Duckett has determined that, in the interest of national security, involvement by the U.S. Government in the activities which are the subject matter of your request can neither be confirmed nor denied. Therefore, he has determined that the fact of the existence or non-existence of any material or documents that may exist which would reveal any CIA connection or interest in the activities of the Glomar Explorer is duly classified Secret in accordance with criteria established by Executive Order 11652. Acknowledgement of the existence or non-existence of the information you request could reasonably be expected to result in the compromise of important intelligence operations and significant scientific and technological developments relating to the national security, and might also result in a disruption in foreign relations significantly affecting the national security.[5]

In 2014, the CIA opened its Twitter account with, “We can neither confirm nor deny that this is our first tweet.”[6]

 

Wikisource has original text related to this article:

Executive Order 11652

Plausible deniability

ACO American Consultants Organization Network Media , American Conferences Organizers Contract as Agent also known as Association for Conference Organizers Agents, Consultants, and Organizations

 and ACO Network Media Partners as sometimes ACE Talent Development and Exposition Management.

COMPANY ACCEPTANCE: This Contract is between the Association for Conference Organizations Talent Development (hereinafter referred to as “ACO” or  sometimes as “Exposition Management”) and the Contracting Company (hereinafter referred to as “Exhibitor”). ACO Network Media Partners is working on behalf of ACO as an agent of and independent contractor to ACO. This document, when signed by Exhibitor, with or without appropriate payment of the exhibit fee, constitutes a binding, irrevocable, legal agreement on Exhibitor; enforceable against Exhibitor in accordance with its terms. Exhibitor does hereby apply for the reservation of space at the ACO 2018 International Conference & Exposition in San Diego, CA.

ACO  Network Media Partners and ACE TALENT NETWORK MEDIA CONTRACT`

ACO Contract shall become a legally binding contract on ACO; enforceable in accordance with its terms. Acceptance of contract will be made via email, phone, or booth reservation on the ACO  2018 floor plan. Exhibitor agrees to be bound by the Application & Contract, Contract Terms on Forms A & B, the Exhibitor Service Manual and/or any other regulations issued prior to the exposition by ACO. Cancellations, in whole or in part, must be made in writing, and are subject to cancellation fees outlined in the Contract Terms on Forms A & B. By signing this contract, Exhibitor agrees they are responsible for full payment. Exhibitor also agrees to comply with all federal, state and local laws, as well as the rules of the San Diego Convention Center.

CANCELLATION OR DOWNSIZING: Upon providing written notice, an Exhibitor may cancel or downsize from the Exhibit subject to the following conditions and restrictions: A. If a written cancellation or downsize notification is received before June 30, 2017, 100% of the commitment will be released. Exhibitor will not be liable for agreement terms. B. If a written cancellation or downsize notification is received at ACO Network Media Partners June 30, 2017 through September 15, 2017. 50% of the contract total will be released or refunded. Remaining 50% of contract total will be due immediately. Exhibitor is liable for remaining contract total and all terms and conditions. C. If a written cancellation or downsize notification is received at Network Media Partners after September 15, 2017 no refunds will be issued. Exhibitor is liable for full contract total, and all terms and conditions. In such case, Exhibitor becomes obligated to make immediate payment of any unpaid portion of the total contract cost. Exhibitor is liable for all terms and conditions. In the event of cancellation or downsizing, Exposition Management reserves the right to use the cancelled/downsized space, including the sale of space to another Exhibitor without any rebate or allowances to the cancelled/downsized Exhibitor. By cancelling exhibit space participation Exhibitor will forfeit all exhibit benefits.

PAYMENT: Payment is due upon receipt of scheduled invoice from ACO Network Media Partners or, in the case of credit card payment, upon signature of this agreement and terms. Booth assignment is contingent upon receipt of payment in full. Exposition Management reserves the right to cancel space and to sell the space to another Exhibitor without any rebate or allowances to the former Exhibitor if the full amount of the rental charge has not been received.

Please make all checks payable to ACO Network Media Partners/

stated on both Form A and Form B. This document when signed by the contracting company constitutes a binding and irrevocable legal agreement on the contracting company. The individual signing this document represents and warrants that you are duly authorized to execute this binding contract on behalf of the contracting company. Cancellations must be made in writing and are subject to the terms and fees outlined in the contract terms on Forms A & B. Terms are enforced regardless if contracting company does not attend the conference or the exhibit space is resold. (Should the agreement be referred to a collection agency/attorney for any reason, the contracting company and or representing agency of said contracting company, is responsible to pay a 25% attorney fee plus interest, lost discounts, and costs associated with any and all collection efforts.) ACO Network Media Partners and Cosmos Expo provides management and web hosting services.

CONTRACT TERMS — FORM A EXHIBIT SPACE Exhibit Space includes: 8’ back drape and 3’ side drape, ID sign, 1 Full Conference and 3 EXPO Only registrations per 100 sq. ft., pre- and post-conference attendee mailing lists (based on list terms), and BASIC listing: company address, telephone, website address, 3 Areas of Expertise, 250 character company description for the on-site program guide, show specials, and online welcome message and 1000 character company description. EXPOSITION SPONSORSHIP AND MANAGEMENT This Exposition sometimes referred to as “EXPO” is produced by and is the property of ACO, sometimes referred to as ‘Exposition Management.’

ACO Network Media Partners provides  Cosmos Expo exposition management and attendance promotion and appoints an official service contractor to provide all show services to exhibitors.

TERMINATION OF EVENT If the premises where the Exposition is to be housed are destroyed or damaged, or the Exposition fails to take place as scheduled or is relocated or interrupted and discontinued or access to the premises is prevented or interfered with by reason of any strike, lockout, injunction, act of war, act of God, emergency declared by any government agency, or for any other reason, this contract may be terminated by ACO. In the event of such termination, the Exhibitor waives any and all damages and claims for damages and agrees that the sole liability of ACO  shall be to return to each Exhibitor the Exhibitor’s space payment received, less a proportionate share of the exposition cost incurred. EXHIBITOR’S REPRESENTATIVE Each Exhibitor’s organization must name one person to be its official representative, with authorization to enter into such service contracts necessary for the installation and removal of exhibits and the provision of services, for which the Exhibitor will be responsible. At least one person must be in the exhibit booth during all hours the Exposition is open. ASSIGNMENT OF SPACE Space assignment will be determined using a priority point system (ACO’s Priority Points System document, available upon request) based upon square footage, consecutive years of history of exhibiting in prior ACO International Conference & Expositions, and timeliness of submitting the Contract and payment. Upon completion of priority point system deadline, allocation of available space will be made on the basis of the applicant’s choice preferences. Prior to Exposition Management contracting with an exhibitor, all debts owed to the Society by the potential exhibitor must be paid in full. A Contract will not be accepted and booth space will not be assigned to a company that has an outstanding balance on accounts due to ACO Network Media Partners. PRIORITY POINTS Priority points are the property of ACO and not the property of an exhibiting company; rather they are simply used to determine the order of space selection. Priority Points cannot be transferred, sold, or assigned. Priority Point totals and criteria are available upon request. GENERAL Exposition Management reserves the right to determine the eligibility of any Exhibitor. Exposition Management reserves sole control over admission policies. These Contract Terms are established for the mutual protection of ACO Network Media Partners, and the Exhibitor. ACO Cosmos Expo Exposition Management reserves the right to make such changes in the time schedule or in the general plan of the Exposition as may be deemed by the Exposition Management to be in the best interests of exhibitors and the Exposition generally. All matters and questions not covered by these Contract Terms are subject to the decision of the Exposition Management. All terms of the Application & Contract will be enforced by ACO through Cosmos Expo Exposition Management. SHARING AND SUBLETTING Exhibitor agrees not to assign or sublet the whole or any portion of the rented space covered by this contract, including clients or partners of an organization. For each additional company subletting or sharing space, a fee of $0 will be charged to the exhibiting company per 10’x10’ booth. OCCUPANCY OF SPACE All exhibits must be completed and in place by 5:00 p.m., 10/18/18, for opening on 10/18. Official opening time on 10/19/18 ll be published in the ACO Guide Exhibitor Service Manual. Exposition Management reserves the right to set, at the Exhibitor’s expense, any booth(s) not set by 5:00 p.m., 10/18/18. Exposition Management, therefore, reserves the right, should any rented space remain unoccupied at 5:00 p.m., 10/18/18, or at any time thereafter, to rent or occupy said space. But this clause shall not be construed as affecting the obligation of Exhibitor to pay the full amount of the rental provided for in this contract for space, nor shall it affect the right of ACO Network Media Partners to retain as liquidated damages the whole or any part of the rental received.

INSTALLATION, SHOW, AND DISMANTLING

Installation, Show, and Dismantling hours and dates shall be those specified by Exposition Management. Packing of exhibits prior to the close of the show is prohibited. Exhibitors dismantling or packing exhibits prior to official closing time will forfeit Priority Points for the current show. Exhibitor shall be liable for all storage and handling charges for failure to remove exhibits by specified time and date. FLOOR PLAN All dimensions and locations shown on the official floor plan are believed, but not warranted, to be accurate. ACO Network Media Partners have the absolute right to allocate and assign space among exhibitors and to relocate exhibitors after initial assignment if circumstances warrant at its sole discretion.

BADGES

One complimentary Full Conference Registration will be allowed for each 100 square feet of exhibit space rented. This entitles one official exhibiting company representative to attend all educational events (pre-conference workshops and certificate programs require additional fees). Exhibitors also receive 3 Exhibitor Personnel Badges per 100 square feet of exhibit space which allow access to the EXPO only. Full Conference and Exhibitor Personnel badges shall be restricted to full-time employees of exhibiting organizations or other authorized representatives of exhibiting firms approved by Exposition Management who are actually staffing the exhibit booth during published move-in, show open and/or move-out hours. All exhibit personnel shall wear proper badge identification, as provided by Exposition Management, prominently displayed for viewing by Exposition Management or the representatives of the official contractor for security, at all times. Badges are not transferable and those worn by other than the person to whom issued will be confiscated. Exhibitor badges may be picked-up on-site at the main conference registration desk. SOLICITATION The aisles and all other spaces in the Exposition and San Diego Convention Center shall be under the control of ACO Network Media Partners. All displays, interviews, conferences, distribution of literature, lectures or any other type of activity shall be conducted inside the space contracted for. Standing in aisles or in front of exhibit booths of other Exhibitors for advertising purposes is strictly prohibited. Exhibitors who sell items for delivery on the show floor may be required to collect and remit city and state sales taxes. Persons connected with non-exhibiting companies are prohibited from any dealing, exhibiting, or soliciting within the Exposition. If an exhibitor solicits in public space and/or to other exhibiting companies, priority points may be forfeited. LIABILITY AND INSURANCE Exhibitor shall at all times protect, indemnify, defend and save and keep ACO Network Media Partners, and San Diego Convention Center, and the official general services contractor totally harmless from any and all loss, cost, damage, liability, expense, negligence or willful act or out of or by reason of any accident or other occurrence to anything or anyone, including the Exhibitor, its agents, employees and business invitees, which arises from or out of or by reason of said Exhibitor’s installation, removal, maintenance, occupancy and use of the exhibit booth and presence on the exhibition premises or a part thereof. ACO Network Media Partner, Agent, Actor must submit an executed release of liability from its third party representative in charge of providing installation and dismantling services prior to set-up. SHIPPING It is recommended that all property be shipped through the official ACO shipping contractor(s) by each Exhibitor. San Diego Convention Center does not accept direct shipments, so all materials must be sent to the advance warehouse to direct to show site through the official general services contractor. EXHIBIT LABOR All decorating, display, drayage theatrical, rigging, production, audio visual, commercial presentations, as well as all material handling for conventions, trade show, promotional displays and consumer show are performed by the official services contractor. This includes floor layout, carpet, drapes, rental furniture, decorating rental items, masking, aisle signs, hanging special signs, unloading and reloading freight, delivery of material to the exhibit booth, installation and dismantling of booths and rigging. Full time employees of an exhibiting firm may install and dismantle their own respective company display, if such work can be completed in less than 60 minutes and without the use of mechanized tools. Product display and placement is not included in these work rules and is the exclusive right of full time employees of an exhibiting firm. If full-time company personnel are utilized to set an exhibit, they should carry positive company identification such as a business card, medical identification card or payroll stub. Exhibitors may “hand carry” material to their booth. See Exhibitor Manual for complete rules regarding hand carried materials. The official general services contractor will maintain control and access to the loading docks to ensure a safe and orderly move-in/move-out. Local union personnel will unload trucks or other vehicles utilizing the loading docks. No privately owned vehicles (POV) will be allowed on or in the dock area except for loading and unloading of exhibits and must receive a dock entry authorization form from security. Loading and unloading through the lobby is prohibited. Unions claim jurisdiction under all other circumstances. Exhibitor’s shall abide by any and all agreements made by and between and among ACO Network Media Partners, and  San Diego Convention Center, and any union and/or other labor groups having jurisdiction at the Exposition.

 

Standard Arbitration if filed as ACO Network Media Partners or TJ Morris Media Publishing Agency

Any controversy or claim arising out of or relating to this Contract, or the breach thereof, shall be settled by arbitration in accordance with the Rules of the American Arbitration Association, and judgment upon the award rendered by the Arbitrator(s) may be entered in any Court having jurisdiction thereof. Arbitration will be held in Maryland. This contract shall be deemed entered into in Maryland, and shall be interpreted according to the laws of the state of Maryland,

CONTRACT TERMS — FORM B FIREPROOFING No smoking is allowed in any ACO conference and exposition area or within San Diego Convention Center. No storage of any kind is allowed behind booths or near electrical service. San Diego Convention Center does not provide storage for crates or freight of any kind. All packing containers, wrapping materials, carrying cases, etc., must be stored off the exhibit floor. Exhibitors must make arrangements with the official general services contractor for storage of crates and other packing materials on-site. Materials for handouts must be stored neatly within the booth and not be more than one day supply. All exit doors, exit signs, fire hose cabinets, fire extinguishers, standpipes or any other fire safety equipment must be visible and accessible at all times. All materials used in exhibit construction, decoration or as a temporary cover must be certified as flame retardant or a sample must be available for testing. Materials that cannot be treated to meet the requirements may not be used. Hay and straw used for decoration shall be flame retardant or covered with flame retardant tarpaulin; otherwise it must be stored and maintained in a manner approved by the Fire Marshal. Artificial lighting such as candles, lanterns or tea lights is strictly prohibited. Sawdust and shavings shall be maintained flameproof at all times. Open flames and burning or smoke-emitting materials, shall be used as part of an act, display or show only under permit from and with prior approval of San Diego Convention Center Event Services Department. Combustible shipping containers shall be stored in an area, and in a manner approved by the San Diego Fire Department and San Diego Convention Center. San Diego Convention Center inspects all exhibits to ensure compliance. SPACE, POSTING, AND PUBLICITY RESTRICTIONS Exhibitors are prohibited from using any part of the ACO International Conference & Exposition conference theme. Exhibits must be confined to the exact space allocated. Circulars, publications, advertising matter, and all kinds of promotional giveaways may be distributed only within booth spaces. Nothing shall be posted on, or tacked, nailed, screwed or otherwise attached to columns, walls, floors or other parts of the building or furniture, exposition, or San Diego Convention Center. Signs, rails, etc., will not be permitted to intrude into or over aisles. Access to public utilities, fire hose cabinets, heating and air conditioning vents, lighting fixtures, skylights, and fire sprinkler system shall not be obstructed at any time.

CHARACTER OF EXHIBITS

Exposition Management reserves the right to judge the appropriateness of any exhibit and to decline to permit an Exhibitor to conduct or maintain an exhibit if, in the judgment of the Exposition Management, said Exhibitor or exhibit or proposed exhibit shall, in any respect, be deemed unsuitable. This reservation relates to persons, conduct, article of merchandise, printed matter, souvenirs, catalogs, and any and all other things, without limitation, which might negatively affect the character of the Exposition. In the event that Exposition Management shall determine that the conduct of any Exhibitor or its employees, agents or servants is not in keeping with the character of the Exposition, Exposition Management may, at any time, without notice, terminate the contract for space entered into with said Exhibitor and, with or without process of law, remove Exhibitor, its employees, agents, servants, and all of the property of the Exhibitor from the space contracted for and from the Exposition. No Exhibitor shall have any right or claim against ACO Network Media Partners, or Exposition Management on account of any action so taken. The determination of the Exposition Management as to the suitability of any Exhibitor, exhibit or proposed exhibit as to whether any exhibit or the conduct of any person is in keeping with the character of the Exposition shall, in each instance, be final. Side show tactics, scantily clad individuals or other undignified promotional methods will not be permitted. The use of live models, performers and similar persons within the exhibit areas for product/service demonstrations, explanations, etc., must be approved in advance by Exposition Management. Exhibits should be conducted in a manner not to be objectionable or offensive to neighboring booths. TYPES OF EXHIBITS Exposition Management retains sole discretion and authority in the placement, arrangement and appearance of all displays. A “good neighbor policy” will be in effect at all times in the exposition. All exhibits must conform to these regulations. Exhibits not in compliance must be brought into compliance prior to the end of exhibit set up. ACO and Network Media Partners reserves the right to set, at Exhibitor’s expense, any booth(s) not in compliance or not set at the end of exhibit set-up, 5:00 p.m., 10/18/18. Consult your floor plan for size of exhibit space. All dimensions indicated are outside measurements. Build your display to fit inside this area. 8’ high back drape and 3’ high side drape will be in show colors determined by Exposition Management. Exhibitors may not remove show drape, but can have additional drape placed in front of the ACO drape, at the Exhibitor’s expense. Where an Exhibitor’s display is built beyond the limitations and restrictions as set forth in these rules, Exposition Management reserves the right to correct such display violations by having Exhibitor alter, remove or rearrange any or all of the display so that it will comply with regulations. If the Exhibitor is not available to make such corrections, Exposition Management has the authority to make any and all necessary corrections at the Exhibitor’s expense. In cases where the reverse side of an Exhibitor’s back wall, sidewall, riser, display, or table(s) is exposed to view, such portion of this display must be suitably finished with fireproof material so that no part of the display construction, electrical wiring or the like, can be seen from the aisles or adjoining booths belonging to other exhibitors. Exhibitors are required to drape the exposed ends and sides of their displays, especially in the case of end spaces. If aisle caps are not ordered in advance by the Exhibitor, Freeman Exposition Services, at Exposition Management request, will perform this service and charges will appear on the exhibitor’s invoice. Floor Covering Booth carpet or floor covering is required for all exhibits and must be ordered or provided by the Exhibitor, at the Exhibitor’s expense. If a floor covering is not in place by 5:00 p.m. 5/6/18, Freeman Exposition Services, at Exposition Management request, will perform this service and charges will appear on the exhibitor’s invoice. The following types of exhibits have been approved by ATD. Linear Booth Linear Booths have only one side exposed to an aisle and are generally arranged in a series along a straight line. They are also called “in-line” booths. Dimensions For purposes of consistency and ease of layout and/ or reconfiguration, floor plan design in increments of 10ft (3.05m) has become the de facto standard in the United States. Therefore, unless constricted by space or other limitations, Linear Booths are most commonly 10ft (3.05m) wide and 10ft (3.05m) deep, i.e. 10ft by 10ft (3.05m by 3.05m). A maximum back wall height limitation of 8ft (2.44m) is generally specified. Use of Space Regardless of the number of Linear Booths utilized, e.g. 10ft by 20ft (3.05m by 6.10m), 10ft by 30ft (3.05m by 9.14m), 10ft by 40ft (3.05m by 12.19m), etc. display materials should be arranged in such a manner so as not to obstruct sight lines of neighboring exhibitors. The maximum height of 8ft (2.44m) is allowed only in the rear half of the booth space, with a 4ft (1.22m) height restriction imposed on all materials in the remaining space forward to the aisle. Note: When three or more Linear Booths are used in combination as a single exhibit space, the 4ft (1.22m) height limitation is applied only to that portion of exhibit space which is within 10ft (3.05m) of an adjoining booth. Perimeter Booth A Perimeter Booth is a Linear Booth that backs to an outside wall of the exhibit facility rather than to another exhibit. Dimensions and Use of Space All guidelines for Linear Booths apply to Perimeter Booths except that the typical maximum back wall height is 12ft (3.66m). Island Booth An Island Booth is any size booth exposed to aisles on all four sides. Dimensions An Island Booth is typically 20’ x 20’ or larger, although it may be configured differently. Use of Space The entire cubic content of the space may be used up to the maximum allowable height, which is twenty-five foot (25’), including signage. Booth fixtures and display items may be placed anywhere inside the booth perimeter. Overhead signs, display structures, trusses, projectors, projection screens, video walls and/or other equipment suspended above any island booth must be professionally and safely rigged in accordance with any and all local union jurisdiction and life safety policies in effect at San Diego Convention Center and must be arranged through the official general services contractor. Any overhead sign, projection screen or similar display material and/or equipment hung from the ceiling of the building may not exceed 25ft. Any structure deemed to be unsafe and/or inappropriate by either Exposition Management or San Diego Convention Center authorities must be altered and/or taken down at the Exhibitor’s expense. Drawings of island booths must be available for inspection by Exposition Management, the installation and dismantling contractor, and the exhibitor during the time the exhibit is being erected, exhibited, and dismantled at the show site that include a signature or stamp of a reviewing structural engineer indicating that the structure design is properly engineered for its proposed use, and a signature of an authorized official of the exhibit building company indicating that the structure is built in compliance with the details and specifications set forth on the drawings. Unsafe exhibit construction, or any exhibits which encroach upon the aisles or other exhibit areas, are not permitted. Extended Header Booth 20ft (6.10m) or Longer An Extended Header Booth is a Linear Booth 20ft (6.10m) or longer with a center extended header. Dimensions and Use of Space All guidelines for Linear Booths apply to Extended Header Booths, except that the center extended header has a maximum height of 8ft (2.44m), a maximum width of 20 percent of the length of the booth, and a maximum depth of 9ft (2.7m) from the back wall. The above depict almost any situation. If your exhibit plans are not defined by these examples, contact ACO for other Important Considerations Hanging Signs & Graphics Hanging signs and graphics are permitted in all standard Island Booths, to a maximum height of twenty-five feet (25’). Whether suspended from above or supported from below, they should comply with all ordinary use-of-space requirements (for example, the highest point of any sign should not exceed the maximum allowable height for the booth type). Hanging Signs & Graphics should be set back ten feet (10’) from adjacent booths. Approval for the use of Hanging Signs & Graphics should be received from the exhibition organizer at least 60 days prior to installation. Drawings should be available for inspection. Towers A Tower is a freestanding exhibit component separate from the main exhibit fixture. The height restriction is the same as that which applies to the appropriate exhibit configuration being used. Towers in excess of eight feet (8’) should have drawings available for inspection. Fire and safety regulations in many facilities strictly govern the use of towers. A building permit may be required. Lighting Exhibitors should adhere to the following suggested minimum guidelines when determining booth lighting: • No lighting, fixtures, lighting trusses or overhead lighting are allowed outside the boundaries of the exhibit space. Exhibitors intending to use hanging light systems should submit drawings to exhibition management for approval, and the rigging of such system must also be approved by the San Diego Convention Center. • Lighting should be directed to the inner confines of the booth space. Lighting should not project onto other exhibits or show aisles. • Lighting which is potentially harmful, such as lasers or ultraviolet lighting, should comply with facility rules and be approved in writing by exhibition management. • Lighting that spins, rotates, pulsates and other specialized lighting effects should be in good taste and not interfere with neighboring exhibitors or otherwise detract from the general atmosphere of the event.

CONTRACT TERMS — FORM B

PROJECTION OF PICTURES Booth space must be able to contain within its outside measurements a reasonably sized audience if projected pictures (motion pictures, video, slides, transparencies, opaque materials, etc.) and demonstrations are shown in the Exposition. Any activity that results in obstruction of aisles or prevents ready access to nearby Exhibitors’ booths shall be suspended for any periods specified by Exposition Management. SOUND RESTRICTIONS In general, exhibitors may use sound equipment in their booths so long as the noise level does not disrupt the activities of neighboring exhibitors. Speakers and other sound devices should be positioned so as to direct sound into the booth rather than into the aisle. Rule of thumb: Sound and noise should not exceed 85 decibels. COPYRIGHT Exhibitor represents and warrants that it shall comply with all copyright restrictions applicable to exhibitors, including but not limited to, any music performance agreement between ACO and ASCAP or BMI for meetings, conventions, trade shows and expositions. Exhibitor further represents and warrants that it shall obtain any additional license or grant of authority required of exhibitors under the copyright laws and be prepared to present Exposition Management with a copy of such license or grant no less than 30 days prior to the start of the Exposition. Exhibitor agrees to indemnify ACO, Network Media Partners, and San Diego Convention Center if the Exhibitor fails to obtain the required license(s). PHOTOGRAPHY/VIDEOTAPING Still photography and videotaping are not permitted in the Exposition or sessions during the conference. The ACO Official Photographer may be employed for individual booth photography. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY DISPUTES Contributory Infringement ACO condemns intellectual property infringement and counterfeiting; however, as a neutral organizer of the Exposition, ATD cannot get involved in exhibitor disputes or provide legal advice. Exhibitor agrees not to sue or threaten to sue ACO for contributory infringement or any other theory that ACO is indirectly or secondarily liable for a violation of intellectual property rights (e.g., trademark, copyright, or patent) by a third party. Indemnification & Hold Harmless Exhibitor warrants that it is the owner or licensee of all intellectual property used by Exhibitor at the Exposition or in promotion thereof. Exhibitor agrees to defend, indemnify, and hold harmless ACO for any action brought against ACO and any cost incurred by ACO, including attorneys’ fees, arising out of any dispute involving intellectual property owned or used by Exhibitor at the Exposition or in promotion thereof. DISABILITY PROVISIONS Exhibitor shall have sole responsibility for ensuring that its exhibit is in full compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and any regulations under that Act. Exhibitor will ensure the accessibility of its exhibit space, and agrees to hold harmless and indemnify ACO against any claims, damages, loss or exposure, including reasonable attorney’s fee and costs, arising out of or related to any alleged ADA violations.

MISCELLANEOUS REGULATIONS a. The Exhibitor shall not foster or conduct outside activities which would take qualified attendees from Conference official functions and/or Exposition during scheduled hours. Use of meeting facilities by exhibitors or organizations for sales or business meetings during ACO Conference and Exposition dates must be approved in advance by Exposition Management. Hospitality suites shall not be open during Exposition hours or daytime Conference hours. b. All live animals are prohibited, with the exception of guide and service animals. c. Large helium filled balloons, such as advertising balloons, may be used only if they are securely anchored to the exhibit and are in compliance with height restrictions.. Helium balloons may not be distributed within the facility, but may be displayed as permanent fixture as long as it does not exceed height limitations. Helium gas cylinders used for refilling must be secured in an upright position on safety stands with the regulators and gauges protected from damage. Storage of helium compressed air cylinders is prohibited in the building. d. Food products or beverages to be distributed in any Exhibitor’s booth must be ordered from the official in-house catering company at San Diego Convention Center. e. Children under the age of 18 are not permitted in the Exposition at any time. f. Parking is prohibited on the loading docks of San Diego Convention Center. g. Vehicles may not be displayed without prior written approval from ACO and San Diego Convention Center. Fuel tanks can contain no more than ¼ tank of fuel. Fuel tank must be equipped with a locking or taped gas cap. Batteries must be disconnected once the vehicle is positioned. Auxiliary batteries not connected to the engine starting system may be left connected. A drip pan must be placed under vehicle drive train. Refueling or removal of fuel from vehicles on the premises is prohibited. Vehicles may not be started up or moved during show hours. A floor plan must be provided indicating where vehicle will be located. The show Security Company keeps keys for the vehicle(s). External chargers or batteries are recommended for demonstration purposes. Battery charging in only permitted outside the building. Combustible materials must not be stored beneath display vehicles. Vehicles in the building for loading and unloading must be attended at all times. Arrangements must be made at least 60 days prior to the event with San Diego Convention Center Event Coordinator. Except for equipment that uses liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) or natural gas as fuel, compressed gas cylinders, including LPG, and all flammable or combustible liquids are prohibited inside the building. Any other exceptions require a permit from the San Diego Convention Center Event Services Department and the San Diego Fire Marshal. h. Overnight storage of LPG, natural gas as fuel, or compressed gas cylinders is prohibited in the building and must be stored outside next to the outer walls; propane cylinders MUST be stored in designated storage cases on the San Diego Convention Center docks. Areas enclosed by solid walls and ceilings must be provided with approved smoke detectors, which are audible outside the area of the booth, and must display a charged fire extinguisher with a minimum rating of 3A40BC. This includes storage closets built into the exhibit. There must be at least two means of egress from any solid wall structure in excess of 200 square feet. Four copies of the floor plan must be submitted to San Diego Convention Center at least 45 days prior to installation. The plans must be certified and sealed by a licensed structural engineer or licensed architect. Plans will be reviewed by San Diego Convention Center and the San Diego Fire Department Fire Prevention Division for approval. A fire watch attendant who has been trained to operate fire extinguishers must be on duty at all times that the exhibit hall is closed, from the time the enclosure is completed until the time the enclosure is dismantled. Exhibitors who plan to demonstrate fuel-burning appliances in San Diego Convention Center must make arrangements with the Event Coordinator 60 days prior to the event. i. Lasers and x-ray equipment may only be used after receiving a Certificate of Licensure of Registration from the San Diego, CA Environmental Health Administration. In order to minimize unnecessary exposure and potential HAZMAT conditions, use of this equipment is only permissible in controlled environments.

EXHIBITOR SOLUTION SESSION ROOMS & EXPERIENTIAL SESSIONS

Failure to present or use room during allotted time will not result in refund of room fee. No cancellations. Exhibitor Solution Sessions include theatre-style seating, basic a/v, and session information on the conference website and the on-site program guide (subject to program guide deadlines). Serving or distribution of food or alcoholic beverages by companies or their representatives within the solution session is forbidden. Experiential set-up includes 20’x30’ carpeted area in EXPO, minimal audio visual, and session information on the conference website and in the onsite program guide (subject to program guide deadlines).

VIP ROOMS Failure to present or use room during allotted time will not result in refund of room fee. No cancellations. VIP room includes 20’x20’x8’ partitioned wall unit on EXPO floor set conference for 10, theater for 35, or lounge style. $900.00 3 day-minimum-

ADVERTISING ON-SITE PROGRAM GUIDE OR CONFERENCE DAILY

Advertisers are responsible for submitting ad copy at appropriate sizes and using the file requirements specified for the on-site program guide or Conference Daily. Please supply only high resolution PDF, EPS, or TIFF files. Ads cannot be submitted in any other formats. Send all ads with a proof. For further mechanical requirements, contact

Janet Lessin at aquarianradio@gmail.com or Theresa J Morris at tjmorrisagency@gmail.com

ADVERTISING RATES VARY ON EXPO SIZE.

ACO Guide Book – Your Guide to EXPO, Schedule, and Attendee Services: Full page with bleed 8.75 x 11.375 Half page 7.125 x 5 1/4 page 3 x 5 ACO Guide and Learn Book: Your Guide to Education Sessions: Full page 6.25 x 9.25 Conference Daily Ads: Full page 9.75 X 14 Half page 9.75 X 7 1/4 page 4.75 X 7

ADVERTISING & SPONSORSHIPS

Acceptance of this agreement does not waive the right of the publisher to reject any agreement for ad space or reject any advertising copy.

By selection of ad size and color, and with application signature you hereby agree to these terms as a representative of your company TOTE BAG INSERTS Inserts must be 8.5”x11” or smaller and the required piece count is approximately 1,000.

Failure to supply advertising proof and/or materials by the deadlines will result in forfeiture of space without refund.

BRANDING ENHANCEMENT: Branding Enhancement includes logo, in 4-color, placed above your company description in the ACO Look Book Program Guide as well as online listing enhancements: logo, video uploads, product slides, press releases, attendee agenda planner, and priority placement in the online exhibitor directory.

DEADLINES All deadlines for exhibit and sponsor deliverables will be included in the booth confirmation, sponsorship confirmation and/or conference website no later than 10/15/18.

DETAILS REGARDING PRE AND POST-CONFERENCE ATTENDEE MAIL LISTS All ACO Conference sponsors and exhibitors are eligible to use the pre- and post-conference attendee mail list for one time use through a 3rd party mail house. The pre-conference list is available approximately 30 days before the conference. The post-conference list is available within approximately 1 week following the conference, and only exhibitors who have completed the post-show survey will have access. The lists include: Attendee name, title (if provided), company, and address. No phone/fax/ email is provided. Only attendee registrants are included on the list. Pre-conference list typically contains about 1,000 names and the post-show list about 1,000 names. 1) Contact the ACO list provider, and provide the code for the ACO International Conference pre-conference mail list or post conference mail list. 2) Once you are verified as a contracted exhibitor, you will be sent a list rental agreement and order form to complete. You must also submit a sample of your mailing for approval. 3) The list provider will submit the pre- or post-conference mail list to a 3rd party mail house or agent to proceed with your mailing process. 4) Pre-show list expires first day of conference. Post-show list expires 60 days after it is available. 5) The attendee lists are not available for viewing

TJ Morris Media

TJ Morris Media
TJ Morris ET Radio

 

Ascension Age

TJ Morris Media

Ascension Age Psyche Soma Synchronicity

We can speak in many ways and this includes with languages we can understand. We can share our reality in linear time while speaking to those who share interest in cosmology, philosophy, theology, psychology, integrative medicine, metaphysics, history of our cultures on earth and in space, and basic spiritual science. Some may even agree that we share a common goal of expanding quantum physics as scientist. We will leave this planet. It is just a matter of time before we leave this level of existence.  Those who are alive as humanoids will not be able to communicate with those who we say have passed or experienced death. Can we know our loved ones once they die? What do we need to know about life after we die? Is there life after death?

I on some level of communication am doing my best to communicate with those outside of me after experiencing death as we know it. When we experience when the body is weakest and the heart stops.  Now learn we can be brain dead while the heart still beats. Which is clinical death? Does life exist after the body and mind cease to work inside our physical body?

This is now upon us to discover. I am told to usher in the Ascension Age. This is an era in time we call linear for the history books for humankind. I am not sure how to make this a reality in human form on earth. It deals not only with humanity but those above we call angels, and God. There is also a God Mother and many call earth mother or Gaia.

I have memories or at least pictures inside my own mind which feel in my nervous system as my own knowing as a reality which did become a part of my history as a spiritual being. I am not sure if this means I am other than human but for lack of better words I call myself an ET or extraterrestrial. It works for now to define that which exist inside of me that knows it is not of human form but is fluid. It comes and goes like thought waves and feels connected to not only who I am but what I am. I am more than a human being. I am on a quest to learn to communicate that which has not been well expressed in the past to the general way of knowing a shared reality in a general way of thinking for the entire populace.

I am searching for words to describe the multi layers of who and what I am. The basic and easiest way my mind can share with others outside of me is to admit that we are more than our senses. We are more than what we experience with our own sight, touch, smell, taste, hearing, and feeling. There are more than our six senses. We are attached to the whole some call a morphic field and synchronicity. There is more that controls the backdrop or flow of the particles and waves. I know that we are all here to explore what it is that gives us life. What is life? We know how to describe what we believe is life in a physical form but what is the true energy that is put into a container we call a body once a body is made? Is that the essence of all that is us together as a whole? If so then where does it come from and why cannot we discover how everything is made and know for sure? There must be others who are out there who know we have yet to discover what our original creator is or was in the beginning.

Many call this out of body experience or OBE. Regardless, I returned after having a placenta previa experience while giving birth to my fourth daughter.

I was reminded over time that being outside of my body was also a larger part of who I am as psyche or soul. I felt my spirit had been a connection to my soul or the conscious thread to a reality that allows some of us to pierce the veil which we call life of the living here on earth.

We have agreed somewhere in time to share a general critical mass mind. In other words what we consider a normal and general way of thinking about what our reality is for humans. Are we supposed to know we believe in reincarnation or just a part of us believe in life and returning over again? How about time must we repeat being human before we graduate to be a God and Goddess? Is that the plan for us all? To be more than we are now? What if what we share in many world religions is truth? Do we agree to rule our own planets once we understand how matter and spirit works together to command all the elements?

 

Will we not remember our history as a soul when we come back to earth or return to the land of the living? Do only some who have perfected something in a past life?  There is much that I feel I know and that I do not know. I am learning how to be me and what serves me as a soul of the entire cosmos. I am a part of the latest way of being human and that which has once again returned to a world we all agree to share as those who are alive in this world. Being of service to the world through communication may be a way to share being human. We all after all want to be loved and understood. If life was only as simple as being loved and understood as a human being, then maybe we could figure out how to control the backdrop of the universal whole as the chaos in the cosmos. I for one would like to help in finding our all the truth about what we call real and not real for both must be important to share a reality. The yes and no as in the yin and yang. The one thing we can see is that there are things set in motion in a back drop we call nature. I want to share in the Ascension Age and will do my best to do so. Maybe only writing weekly in cyberspace on the internet but at least it is energy shared at my attempt of communication with others. If you want to read this and respond as a participant, then I will continue.

So much for an explanation for why I am learning to write down my thoughts which are coming and going like waves on the ocean. Thoughts which ride on top of an energy that makes us alive. We are not sure what makes us who we are as in is a prime creator but being one who has faith which keeps me alive and being able to believe in life after death, I must admit that the word for what I call expressing my own ways of explaining the electrical currents and how my synapses of my brain works is at present called thoughts.

My thoughts are my own and I believe we should all use our lives to think about thoughts which can benefit not only surviving this life but also assisting the whole of what is. I always thought that “WHAT IS” was that which we seek to know that we do not understand as our own knowing inside each of us.

Now please note that everyone has their own path to forge and I believe there is a reason to be human.

With that said, I put myself out to the universe. I may humiliate my own conscious self and my God, but I know that there are many who are human life me where I live on this planet called mother earth who are willing to do the same. We are a hubris bunch of humanoid sentient intelligent beings with egos which keep us alive. Without our egos we cannot exist so telling someone they have a huge ego is like telling them they are a large reason for existing. I would like to study the ego ad id and have done so in psychology. Self-help books have guided me through life. Wayne Dyer came into my life after Zig Zigler. Deepak Chopra followed as did many great spiritual teachers.

These words may not have meaning to anyone but me, but I am going to put them out to the universe with hopes that someone out there besides me can relate.

 

 

 

TJ Morris Media
Ace Metaphysical Institute
Integrative Medicine
Health Advocates
Body-Mind-Spirit Science

ACO Club of TJ Morris dba ACIR.

American Communication Online.

Author’s Club of the Americas.

American Culture International Relations by Theresa J Morris Ministries. ACO Association Articles & By-Laws – Terms of Service. We are Ascension Age Universal Life Ministers. We support God as everything and that Jesus taught us about love. Faith, Hope, Charity, and the greatest is Love. Theresa of Ascension shares holding the space for LIFE!

We support suicide prevention. In honor of our member who began “Go Soul First!” An affiliate social media network.

We are sharing ACO Speakers on our TJ Morris ET Radio on various categories in Spiritual Science including ACO Authors Club of Independent Writers and Publishers.

We now share Science Fiction Writers in 2018 as ACO Members with our ACO Integrative Medicine Practitioners.

 Members assist with getting the word out about the Ascension Age in our Spiritual Science Community of Universal Life.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Memberships ACO A.I.

ACO Membership Categories

The ACO Association International has established the following classifications of members:

 

Ambassador of Goodwill- Practitioner in the Health & Wellness, Body-Mind-Spirit Advancement

Authors Club Organization

Educators Research Association

Voting Member- Agent, Consultant, Organizer, Educator, Researcher

Ombudsman- Associations, Organizations, Institutions,

 

Member

Any individual who agrees to support and advance the mission of the CO A.I.

ACTIVE VOTES- Active in Good Standing pays $25.00 Administrative  Admission Fee. Reinstatement based on annual dues of $24.00 for supporter of the Arts Level. Link listed in directory.

 

Web Presence Membership Separate.

 

Conferences and Professional Development

 

Members are entitled to vote on all matters that are presented to the Association, provided that

they are current in their dues and other obligations to the Association.

Student Affiliate Member

A student who agrees to support and advance the mission of the ACO A.I
Student Affiliate Members are not entitled to vote on matters that are presented to the Association.
Retired Member Ambassador of Goodwill Supporting Health Advocate for the greater good of humanity and/or Omsbudsman.

 

A Retired Member is a person who has retired from the practice of ACO ombudsmanry with a minimum of two years of service and was a Member of ACO A.I.  of retirement. Retired Members are entitled to vote on all matters that are presented to the Association, provided that they are current in their dues and other obligations to the Association.

The Association may recognize certain Retired Members who have served the Association and/or profession with distinction with the honorary title of Distinguished Emeritus. The Board will accept nominations from members and will select the recipients for the Distinguished Emeritus title.

Retired Members honored with the title of Distinguished Emeritus maintain all the rights of International Ombudsman Association Bylaws. Retired Members but are not required to pay dues to the Association.

 

Certified Member

Application for Certification:  Certification also requires completing the Application Form in full, and submitting it for review by the Board of Certification, with all requisite supporting documentation and payment of a non-refundable certification application administrative fee, and a signed copy of the Certification Agreement Form, in which the applicant agrees to comply with Board of Certification policies and procedures.

 

There are no training, educational, or work experience requirements needed to register for and sit for the certification examination. An individual who has passed the examination, but who does not meet the other eligibility requirements for certification, may not claim to hold certification status. Any individual who uses the certification designation before having been awarded certification by the Board of Certification may be ineligible for certification in the future. Must support our Code of Ethics. ACO Universal Life Board of Directors must approve certification.

ACE Metaphysician Certification

ACE Metaphysical Institute has developed various projects for our agents, consultants, and organizers.

We are a support group in a spiritual community. Ascension Center Psychic Awakening Classes are required over several weeks. We can share our classes online in webinars. The discipline to stick with the courses and complete them no matter if they are familiar to the member must be repeated to absorb that which we ca co-create together. We practice among angels and guides that which has been taught from the beginning.

We share the umbrella with American Communications Online Education Research Association.

Our projects are shared to embrace and enhance our own personal interests, as well as, participate in life.

We are a fellowship community of volunteers who share various niche genre groups in social media.

Each of our members is on their own spiritual path in our ACE Metaphysical Institute as a division of our Ascension Center Education Programs. Symbols and meaning are a part of our metaphysical charm.

ACE Metaphysicians have shred common knowledge to co-create our universal life consciousness for eons.

We are all on our own spiritual path as a practitioner.

We support our weekly gatherings online with a practical approach to addressing our own skills, talents, and knowledge which grows together for our overall future potential.

We share in the enhancement of team building skills.

Our metaphysicians all know each other in our inner circles and work in various levels of development depending on which project our volunteers join. We share how to approach various opportunities which come up and include challenges in our own lives among problems in his/her respective environments.

Each Professional Development program focuses on the needs of the Organizational Committees Practitioner at an experience level, and provides demonstrations or role play, theory, and education appropriate for that level.

Video segments are used to enhance the case studies and life situations.

A training manual designed for use with each program serves as a continuing source of reference. Completion Certificates are provided for those who complete each program. Early-registration discounts are offered for each course. ACO members receive a discounted registration rate.

All ACO Directors are also trainers, while volunteers, are experienced Organizational Coaches. The use of a team approach in all their training provides participants with a variety of dispute resolution styles and techniques used in mediations in life and in our own organizations spiritual community.

Theresa J Morris is the founder of ACO American Communications Online “We get the word out”, Ascension Age, Allied Command Organization, ACO Association, UFO Association, ERA COP Reporters, Theresa J Morris Ministries, TJ Morris ET Radio, TJ Morris Radio, Cosmos Radios, Cosmos Expo Magazine, and others…

ACE Metaphysical Institute and the Ascension Center Organization in the USA.

 

 

Ufologist Tom Conwell on Cosmos Connection Radio Show 1-20-18

Theresa J Morris, Janet Kira Lessin, and Amad Painter will be joined by Tom Conwell Ufologist and Author of the Book They Are Here. Show begins 6-8 Eastern on http://revolution.radio – Please Join us to learn about Ufology.

TOM CONWELL – UFOLOGIST

His Story – Source: Mufon.com

I was asked by my wife to go out back and look up. There were two unusual lights coming over the house. I went out back to look and I saw a bright orange ball going behind the clouds. This ball was moving roughly northwest to southwest from my perspective. And in my very brief view of this, I did not see any running aviation lights. Then there were two more. I watched until everything was behind clouds. Still I saw nothing that would even closely remind me of an airplane – only of a burning ball. I realized that my wife must have been seeing much more than me. I went to the front of the house where I saw a single “burning ball” come over the house and begin to go behind the clouds.
It was this point when I realized that these balls of light were accelerating and increasing altitude as I watched them disappear behind the cloud deck. There were scattered clouds in the direction of the initial sightings and at no time did the lights appear to be obscured as they approached – only when roughly overhead and to the South. Each subsequent set of orange balls seemed to originate more toward the East or closer to me. Our house is on one of the landing approaches to Albany International Airport and we see planes very frequently. Also during the evening especially in the Winter months, we will see planes at very high altitude flying West to East and East to West. Even at very high altitudes there is no doubt that we are seeing commercial aircraft. The lights cannot be misunderstood.

As I was looking toward the North West, Mars was immediately behind me and very bright in the sky. The glowing fireballs were at least 10-12X brighter than Mars and did not deviate from this brightness.

The cloud deck was approximately 4 thousand feet at the point above my head. I retrieved a set of binoculars and got a decent look at the next set of two from behind the trees/horizon (not obscured) to a point above me. At no time did this thing remind me of an airplane, there were never running/blinking lights, never a hint of noise and never was I able to correlate these things with anything that I have ever witnessed.  What I saw was an orange ball or (this) simply reminded me of a ball of flame. These things were almost circular to slightly oval and reminded me greatly of seeing a hot air balloon from below if you could forget about seeing the basket portion. Also when a balloon is powered, it will have a roaring flamed gas jet whooshing sound pumping air into the balloon and would also have been extremely loud. It took approximately 20-30 seconds to traverse a point that was near the horizon from my view to a point nearly overhead. While looking at the fireballs in the binoculars, I got the distinct impression that I was looking at a digital flame, one that is utilized during action TV shows during explosions. Simply put, it looked fake not like an actual flame. The lights moved at approximately the same speed as a landing aircraft for reference. As for the hot air balloon reference, balloons (9 in all were seen) would not likely be flying over a city at night having to deal with incredible amounts of overhead high tension wires. I also highly doubt that balloons would be able to travel 150 to 250 knots as these lights were doing.

The other possibility that I considered was Chinese lanterns. The speed necessary to accomplish what I saw would have been unattainable by paper or any other container. Also their relative brightness would have been about 50X dimmer than what I saw in the air unless the Chinese lantern had a roaring bonfire within the upper container.

As the fourth group of lights went by, I looked immediately in the direction of the source of the lights. I would not allow myself to blink for fear I would miss something. At this point I still held the belief that these must be Chinese Lanterns, they just can’t be UFO’s I told myself. I stared at the point in the sky where they seemed to be originating and I wasn’t disappointed. Lights popped on one after the other above the City of Troy, New York in the sky area where fireworks are launched in the Summer on July 4. This area was known to me. These were intensely bright balls of flame.  The fireballs traveled horizontally until nearly directly West of where I was standing, angled upward at approximately 30 degrees then disappeared behind the clouds to my South West. The closest point to me was approximately 1 mile straight line distance. It was at this point that I became absolutely convinced that these were not airplanes, rockets, balloons, Chinese lanterns or anything else made on this Earth. They certainly weren’t meteors because the trajectory and speed was completely wrong. In the absence of any logical explanation, I concluded they were UFO’s.

The lights that I saw were a solid orange (flame colored) but I saw no actual flames only fake with no burning residue or smoke left as a trail. The speed and ever increasing altitude indicated that these things were under intelligent control. There were no blinking lights so I ruled out commercial craft. They were not meteors because they
would have likely varied in intensity, moved at 100-400X the speed as that witnessed and would have traveled in a downward direction not upward. There were 9 of these things, spaced roughly about 2 minutes apart in a configuration of 2-2-1-2-2 as seen overhead. The first group of two were moving alongside each other closely similar to how a wing man would accompany another plane. The remaining groups followed at a slightly greater distance but still together. As I was going into the house to get my binoculars, I could have missed two of these things go overhead but I’m still unsure at this point. There was never a good enough view to see these that a picture/photograph could have demonstrated relevant information. The only thing remaining was military aircraft flying over commercial airspace without running lights and glowing an intense orange or something truly unidentified or unidentifiable.

It remains unidentified to me!”

MAY 12, 2014

Time: 9:30 to 10:45 p.m.

Day/Date: May 12, 2014

Tom Conwell – Ufologist, Extreme Paranormal Encounter Response Team (Expert) Currently

Troy, NY – Within the city limits but at the southern boundary. We live directly on the glide path for jets landing at Albany, NY and there is traffic overhead on most evenings. The city lies north of our location and we cannot see city lights because we live on top of a hill with a tree line and hill intervening.

Weather: scattered clouds to my north and northwest at approximately 4,000 feet. The area directly to my west was clear and there was a heavier cloud bank to my southwest.

Tom Conwell, Author of They Are Here

UFOlogist, Tom Conwell, has been an Electronic Technician with the US Navy and Honeywell, Inc. for 42 years, a Honeywell Temperature Control, Fire Alarm and Security Software Specialist, Biomedical Engineer, is Fire Alarm Level II Certified, a Metrologist and HVAC Engineering resource. Tom has a wide-ranging expertise with a keen awareness of physics, computer and internet software and a broad knowledge of electronics and how it intersects with the paranormal world and UFO’s. Tom remains a vital scientific resource on Extreme Paranormal Encounter Response Team and embraces the wealth of information and theories that embody the title of UFOlogist. Over the past three years, Tom has written an extensive collection of blogs based on aspects of UFOlogy, has studied and researched UFO sighting reports from the entire US East Coast and can talk about any or all of these subjects.

Theresa J Morris, ACO Association Syndication, TJ Morris Agency

ACO Association

ACO
Association Intl.

 

Theresa J Morris

Ms. Theresa J Morris

Founder-CEO- ACO-ACIR, American Communications Online

Owner-Manager-Marketing and Public Relations

ACO Association -American Communications Online – TJ Morris Media-News-Publishing, TJ Morris Radio, Cosmos Expo Magazine, Theresa J Morris Ministries.

  • CURRENT ROLE(S)

    Owner-Manager, CEO-ACO Association International, Administration-Import-Export, Administration, Management, Radio, Producing, Writing, Computers,

  • EDUCATION

    Certificates – Various Colleges, Universal of Illinois 1986

  • CERTIFICATION

    University of Alabama -Tuscaloosa Fire College 1980, U.S. Navy Hospital Corps School, Great Lakes IL 1985

ACO American Communications Online

Theresa J Morris,  TJ Morris dba ACIR-ACO Radio,TJ Morris Media Publishing

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ACO Cosmos Expo

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ACO Association International Inc.

Cosmos Expo

The goal of the Expo is to give global businesses and organizations an opportunity to showcase their products, services, or programs to residents of the planet. We are a spiritual science community trade civic organization. We work with visionaries who want to be a part of our synergistic future not only on this planet but as a part of the cosmos. We are about thriving in the future. *Participants must bring all their own supplies. We may be able to provide tables & chairs for a fee of $125.00 ; this will be discussed & arranged after “participation form” is received & approved by the EXPO Committee.

 

We are looking to find others who desire to be team players and a part of our American Communications Online Network. As a non-profit organization in a difficult economy, we know that your strength is in getting word out to the community about your services and fundraising activities as economically as possible.

 

 

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Through research and in-depth interviews with forward thinkers, podcasts focus on the trends and innovations that reshape our world and way of being, doing, and having.

Our website

Along with our podcast, is our way of sharing our general research and insights with the public. Our team engaged with our global community of readers and listeners to help inform about our way of understanding future trends so that we can affect positive change in our present world before our transfer to another dimension.

 

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Our chosen team does personal and business forecasting, research and consulting. Some call this advising while others call this coaching or mentoring. Our agency uses long-term strategic forecasting to help organizations thrive with our way of synergy and expected future trends in goods and services.

 

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Join the ACO network of visionary  industry experts  Spiritual Science Trade Community Industry.

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Your participation and profile determines what our committees will consider as the rates we can pay you and more frequently you will be selected to participate in projects.

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Dr. Walter Semkiw, ACO Reincarnation Researcher

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Dr. Walter Semkiw
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Dr. Walter Semkiw – Evidence of Reincarnation

Dr. Semkiw is a Board Certified Occupational Medicine physician who has served as the Assistant Chief of Occupational Medicine at a major medical center in San Francisco. Previously, he served as Medical Director for Unocal 76, a Fortune 500 oil company. Dr. Semkiw embarked on reincarnation research in 1995 and became an expert in reincarnation research, particularly reincarnation cases which demonstrate objective evidence of reincarnation. Dr. Semkiw has been a speaker at the first four World Congresses for Regression Therapy, held in the Netherlands, India, Brazil and Turkey. He has been featured on CNN, in Newsweek and the Times of India, which has the largest circulation of any English language newspaper in the world.

www.ReincarnationResearch.com

   

ACO American Communications Online Research (2017) Web Wars

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INTERNET ONLINE WEB Wars HISTORY for our own use and research.

Search results for Web Wars

  • yglass, Inc.

Not to be confused with Spyglass Entertainment.

Spyglass, Inc.

Former type

Public

Traded as

SPYG

Industry

software

Fate

acquired by OpenTV

Successor

OpenTV

Founded

1990; 27 years ago

Founder

NCSA, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Defunct

2000

Headquarters

Champaign, USA

Products

Internet browser intellectual property

Spyglass, Inc. (former NASDAQ ticker symbol SPYG), was an Internet software company based in ChampaignIllinois.

The company, founded in 1990, was an offshoot of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and created to commercialize and support technologies from the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). For several years, it focused on data visualization tools, such as graphing packages and 3D rendering engines.[1] It became most known for its version of the Mosaic web browser.

Mosaic

In May 1994, Spyglass licensed NCSA’s Mosaic browser for several million dollars, with the intent to develop their own Web browser.[2]However, NCSA’s development effort had resulted in different features, user interfaces, and codebases for each of its major platforms: UNIXMicrosoft Windows, and classic Mac OS. Spyglass therefore created its own Mosaic codebase in which most source code and all features were shared between platforms.[citation needed]

Spyglass offered a 30-day trial version for download, but did not actually sell the product to end-users. Instead, it licensed the code to re-sellers that delivered either an unmodified Spyglass Mosaic (e.g., O’Reilly and Associates) or a browser based on the Spyglass codebase (as did CompuServeIBM and Ipswitch).[3] Among the browsers produced under license using Spyglass Mosaic’s codebase was also Microsoft‘s Internet Explorer.

In addition to the major desktop platforms, Spyglass ported Mosaic to other systems including Nintendo 64 for the SharkWire Onlinesystem.[4]

Browser wars

Main article: Browser wars

Netscape Communications Corporation, co-founded by Marc Andreessen, released its flagship Netscape Navigator browser in October 1994, and the company soon became the web browser industry leader. Microsoft recognized the potential of the web, and wanting to get into the browser game as soon as possible, decided to license an existing browser rather than build one from scratch.[citation needed]

After Microsoft lost out to AOL for BookLink‘s browser in November 1994, their talks with Spyglass progressed.[5] In 1995, Microsoft licensed Mosaic from Spyglass as the basis of Internet Explorer 1.0, which was released as an add-on to Windows 95 in the Microsoft Plus! software package. The deal stipulated that Spyglass would receive a base quarterly fee for the Mosaic license plus a royalty from Microsoft’s Internet Explorer revenue.[6]

Microsoft subsequently bundled Internet Explorer with Windows, and thus (making no direct revenues on IE) paid only the minimum quarterly fee. In 1997, Spyglass threatened Microsoft with a contractual audit, in response to which Microsoft settled for US$8 million.[6][7]

All versions of the Internet Explorer created before Internet Explorer 7 (released October 18, 2006) acknowledged Spyglass as the licensor for the IE browser code. The About window on these versions contained the text “Distributed under a licensing agreement with Spyglass, Inc.”

Web server technology

Spyglass created and marketed a commercially supported web server for Unix and Windows NT, variously called Spyglass Server and Server SDK. The product was announced in March 1995[8] and became available in July 1995.[9] Like the Netscape server that was already on the market, the Spyglass Server included an application programming interface that allowed server-side applications to run in the server’s process. The two server platforms differed in their approach to security, with Spyglass using the Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol (SHTTP), while Netscape used its own Secure Sockets Layer (SSL).[8] Spyglass did not offer their server as a retail product, instead licensing it in volume to original equipment manufacturers, as it did with its browser.[8] The largest licensee was Oracle Corporation.[citation needed]

End of Spyglass

On March 26, 2000, OpenTV bought out Spyglass in a stock swap worth $2.5 billion. The acquisition was completed July 24, 2000. In the deal, they received both Device Mosaic, an embedded web browser, and Prism, a content delivery and transformation system.[10]

References

  1. Jump up^ Sink, Eric (15 April 2003). “Memoirs From the Browser Wars”. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
  2. Jump up^ Booker, Ellis (29 Aug 1994). “Spyglass to commercialize future Mosaic versions”Computerworld.
  3. Jump up^ Ayre, Rick; Mace, Thomas (12 March 1996). “Just Browsing”PC Mag. Ziff Davis.
  4. Jump up^ “SharkWire Online(TM) by InterAct Allows Gamers To Get Online, In-Touch and Ahead” (Press release). Hunt Valley, MD: InterAct Accessories, Inc. PR Newswire. May 12, 1999. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
  5. Jump up^ Wallace, James (1997), Overdrive, John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-18041-6.
  6. Jump up to:a b Elstrom, Peter (22 January 1997). “MICROSOFT’S $8 MILLION GOODBYE TO SPYGLASS”Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
  7. Jump up^ Thurrott, Paul (22 January 1997). “Microsoft and Spyglass kiss and make up”. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
  8. Jump up to:a b c Booker, Ellis (27 March 1995). “Web servers move in different directions”Computerworld.
  9. Jump up^ “Spyglass, Inc. Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 1997”. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
  10. Jump up^ Boulton, Clint (27 March 2000). “OpenTV Buys Spyglass”. Retrieved 9 February 2011.

External links

Brief profile of Spyglass from www.omimo.be at the Wayback Machine (archived October 11, 2007)

1st Netscape Communications History

Type

Subsidiary

Industry

Internet, Software, & Telecommunication

Founded

April 4, 1994; 23 years ago
(as Mosaic Communications Corporation)

Headquarters

Mountain ViewCaliforniaU.S. (as an independent company)
DullesVirginia, U.S.
(after becoming a part of AOL)

Key people

Marc AndreessenJim Clarkand William Foss (founders); James Barksdale (CEO)

Products

Internet suite
Web browser
Internet service provider
Web portal

Number of employees

2,500[1] (2002)

Parent

AOL (1999–2017)
Oath Inc. (2017–present)

Website

isp.netscape.com

Netscape Communications (formerly known as Netscape Communications Corporation or Netscape) is an American computer services company known for its web browserNetscape Navigator.

When Netscape was an independent company, its headquarters were in Mountain View, California[2]

Netscape’s web browser was once dominant but it has lost most of that glare to its competitors Internet Explorer during the so-called first browser war. The usage share of Netscape had fallen from over ninety percent in the mid-1990s[3] to less than one percent by the end of 2006.[4]

Netscape is credited with creating JavaScript language, the most widely used language for client-side scripting of web pages. The company is also known for developing the SSL which is used for securing online communications that was used before its successor TLS took over. [5]

Netscape stock traded from 1995 until 1999 when it was acquired by AOL in a pooling-of-interests transaction ultimately worth US $10 billion.[6][7] Shortly before its acquisition by AOL, Netscape released the source code for its browser and created the Mozilla Organization to coordinate future development of its product.[8] The Mozilla Organization rewrote the entire browser’s source code based on the Gecko rendering engine;[9] all future Netscape releases were based on this rewritten code. The Gecko engine would later be used to power the Mozilla Foundation’s Firefoxbrowser.

Under AOL, Netscape’s browser development continued until December 2007 when AOL announced that the company would stop supporting the Netscape browser as of early 2008.[10][11] As of 2011, AOL has continued to use the Netscape brand to market a discount Internet service provider.[12][13]

History

Early years

Netscape Communications wants you to forget all the highway metaphors you’ve ever heard about the Internet. Instead, think about an encyclopedia—one with unlimited, graphically rich pages, connections to E-mail and files, and access to Internet newsgroups and online shopping.

Netscape NavigatorMacworld (May 1995)[14]

Netscape was the first company to attempt to capitalize on the nascent World Wide Web.[15][16] It was founded under the name Mosaic Communications Corporation on April 4, 1994, the brainchild of Jim Clarkwho had recruited Marc Andreessen as co-founder and Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers as investors. The first meeting between Clark and Andreessen was never truly about a software or service like Netscape, but more about a product that was similar to Nintendo.[17] Clark recruited other early team members from SGI and NCSA MosaicJim Barksdale came on board as CEO in January 1995.[16] Jim Clark and Marc Andreessen originally created a 20-page concept pitch for an online gaming network to Nintendo for the Nintendo 64 console, but a deal was never reached. Marc Andreessen explains, “If they had shipped a year earlier, we probably would have done that instead of Netscape.”[18][18]

The company’s first product was the web browser, called Mosaic Netscape 0.9, released on October 13, 1994. Within four months of its release, it had already taken three-quarters of the browser market.[17] It became the main browser for Internet users in such a short time due to its superiority over other competition, like Mosaic.[17] This browser was subsequently renamed Netscape Navigator, and the company took the ‘Netscape’ name (coined by employee Greg Sands,[16] although it was also a trademark of Cisco Systems[19]) on November 14, 1994[20] to avoid trademark ownership problems with NCSA, where the initial Netscape employees had previously created the NCSA Mosaic web browser. The Mosaic Netscape web browser did not use any NCSA Mosaic code.[21] The internal codename for the company’s browser was Mozilla, which stood for “Mosaic killer”, as the company’s goal was to displace NCSA Mosaic as the world’s number one web browser.[22] A cartoon Godzilla-like lizard mascot was drawn by artist-employee Dave Titus,[23] which went well with the theme of crushing the competition. The Mozilla mascot featured prominently on Netscape’s web site in the company’s early years. However, the need to project a more “professional” image (especially towards corporate clients) led to this being removed.

The original green and purple Mozilla mascot, a Godzilla-like lizard which represented the company’s goal of producing the browser that would be the “Mosaic killer”

On August 9, 1995, Netscape made an extremely successful IPO. The stock was set to be offered at US$14 per share, but a last-minute decision doubled the initial offering to US$28 per share. The stock’s value soared to US$75 during the first day of trading, nearly a record for first-day gain. The stock closed at US$58.25, which gave Netscape a market value of US$2.9 billion. While it was unusual for a company to go public prior to becoming profitable, Netscape’s revenues had, in fact, doubled every quarter in 1995.[24]The success of this IPO subsequently inspired the use of the term “Netscape moment” to describe a high-visibility IPO that signals the dawn of a new industry.[25][26] During this period, Netscape also pursued a publicity strategy (crafted by Rosanne Siino, then head of public relations) packaging Andreessen as the company’s “rock star.”[27] The events of this period ultimately landed Andreessen, barefoot, on the cover of Time magazine.[28]

Netscape advertised that “the web is for everyone” and stated one of its goals was to “level the playing field” among operating systems by providing a consistent web browsing experience across them. The Netscape web browser interface was identical on any computer. Netscape later experimented with prototypes of a web-based system which would enable users to access and edit their files anywhere across a network, no matter what computer or operating system they happened to be using. This did not escape the attention of Microsoft, which viewed the commoditization of operating systems as a direct threat to its bottom line, i.e. a move from Windows to another operating system would yield a similar browsing experience thus reducing barriers to change. It is alleged that several Microsoft executives visited the Netscape campus in June 1995 to propose dividing the market (an allegation denied by Microsoft and, if true, would have breached antitrust laws), which would have allowed Microsoft to produce web browser software for Windows while leaving all other operating systems to Netscape.[29] Netscape refused the proposition.

Microsoft released version 1.0 of Internet Explorer as a part of the Windows 95 Plus Pack add-on. According to former Spyglassdeveloper Eric Sink, Internet Explorer was based not on NCSA Mosaic as commonly believed, but on a version of Mosaic developed at Spyglass[30] (which itself was based upon NCSA Mosaic). Microsoft quickly released several successive versions of Internet Explorer, bundling them with Windows, never charging for them, financing their development and marketing with revenues from other areas of the company. This period of time became known as the browser wars, in which Netscape Communicator and Internet Explorer added many new features and went through many version numbers (not always in a logical fashion) in attempts to outdo each other. But Internet Explorer had the upper hand, as the amount of manpower and capital dedicated to it eventually surpassed the resources available in Netscape’s entire business. By version 3.0, IE was roughly a feature-for-feature equivalent of Netscape Communicator, and by version 4.0, it was generally considered to be more stable on Windows than on the Macintosh platform. Microsoft also targeted other Netscape products with free workalikes, such as the Internet Information Server (IIS), a web server which was bundled with Windows NT.

Netscape could not compete with this strategy. In fact, it didn’t attempt to. Netscape Navigator was not free to the general public until January 1998,[31] while Internet Explorer and IIS have always been free or came bundled with an operating system and/or other applications. Meanwhile, Netscape faced increasing criticism for the bugs in its products; critics claimed that the company suffered from ‘featuritis‘ – putting a higher priority on adding new features than on making them work properly. This was particularly true with Netscape Navigator 2, which was only on the market for 5 months in early 1996 before being replaced by Netscape Navigator 3. The tide of public opinion, having once lauded Netscape as the David to Microsoft’s Goliath, steadily turned negative, especially when Netscape experienced its first bad quarter at the end of 1997 and underwent a large round of lay-offs in January 1998. Later, former Netscape executives Mike Homer and Peter Currie described the period as “hectic and crazy” and that the company was undone by factors both internal and external.[32]

Open sourcing

January 1998 was also the month that Netscape started the open source Mozilla project. Netscape publicly released the source code of Netscape Communicator 4.0 in the hopes that it would become a popular open source project. It placed this code under the Netscape Public License, which was similar to the GNU General Public License but allowed Netscape to continue to publish proprietary work containing the publicly released code. However, after having released the Communicator 4.0 code this way, Netscape proceeded to work on Communicator 4.5 which was focused on improving email and enterprise functionality. It eventually became clear that the Communicator 4.0 browser was too difficult to develop, and open source development was halted on this codebase. Instead, the open source development shifted to a next generation browser built from scratch. Using the newly built Gecko layout engine, this browser had a much more modular architecture than Communicator 4.0 and was therefore easier to develop with a large number of programmers. It also included an XML user interface language named XUL that allowed single development of a user interface that ran on Windows, Macintosh, and Unix. The slogan for this open sourcing effort, “Free The Lizard”, carried comedic sexual overtones.

The United States Department of Justice filed an antitrust case against Microsoft in May 1998. Netscape was not a plaintiff in the case, though its executives were subpoenaed and it contributed much material to the case, including the entire contents of the ‘Bad Attitude’ internal discussion forum.[33] In October 1998, Netscape acquired web directory site NewHoo for the sum of US$1 million, renamed it the Open Directory Project, and released its database under an open content license.

Acquisition by America Online

America Online (AOL) on November 24, 1998 announced it would acquire Netscape Communications in a tax-free stock-swap valued at US$4.2 billion at the time of the announcement.[34] During this time, Andreessen’s view of Netscape changed; to him, it was no longer just a browser, intranet, extranet, or a software company, but rather an amalgamation of products and services.[35]By the time the deal closed on March 17, 1999, it was valued at US$10 billion.[6][7] This merger was ridiculed by many who believed that the two corporate cultures could not possibly mesh; one of its most prominent critics was longtime Netscape developer Jamie Zawinski.[36] The acquisition was seen as a way for AOL to gain a bargaining chip against Microsoft, to let it become less dependent on the Internet Explorer web browser. Others believed that AOL was interested in Netcenter, or Netscape’s web properties, which drew some of the highest traffic worldwide. Eventually, Netscape’s server products and its Professional Services group became part of iPlanet, a joint marketing and development alliance between AOL and Sun Microsystems. On November 14, 2000, AOL released Netscape 6, based on the Mozilla 0.6 source code. (Version 5 was skipped.) Unfortunately, Mozilla 0.6 was far from being stable yet, and so the effect of Netscape 6 was to further drive people away from the Netscape brand. It was not until August 2001 that Netscape 6.1 appeared, based on Mozilla 0.9.2 which was significantly more robust. A year later came Netscape 7.0, based on the Mozilla 1.0 core.

Disbanding

During the acquisition of Netscape by AOL, joint development and marketing of Netscape software products would occur through the Sun-Netscape Alliance. The software, in the newly branded iPlanet, included “messaging and calendar, collaboration, web, application, directory, and certificate servers”, as well as “production-ready applications for e-commerce, including commerce exchange, procurement, selling, and billing.”[37] In March 2002, when the alliance was ended, “iPlanet became a division of Sun… Sun retained the intellectual property rights for all products and the engineering”[38]

On July 15, 2003, Time Warner (formerly AOL Time Warner) disbanded Netscape. Most of the programmers were laid-off, and the Netscape logo was removed from the building. However, the Netscape 7.2 web browser (developed in-house rather than with Netscape staff, with some work outsourced to Sun’s Beijing development center[39]) was released by AOL on August 18, 2004.[40]

On October 12, 2004, the popular developer website Netscape DevEdge was shut down by AOL. DevEdge was an important resource for Internet-related technologies, maintaining definitive documentation on the Netscape browser, documentation on associated technologies like HTML and JavaScript, and popular articles written by industry and technology leaders such as Danny Goodman. Some content from DevEdge has been republished at the Mozilla website.

After the Sun acquisition by Oracle in January 2010, Oracle continued to sell iPlanet branded applications, which originated from Netscape.[41] Applications include: Oracle iPlanet Web Server and Oracle iPlanet Web Proxy Server.

Final release of the browser

Netscape logo 2005–2007, still used in some portals

The Netscape brand name continued to be used extensively. The company once again had its own programming staff devoted to the development and support for the series of web browsers.[42]Additionally, Netscape also maintained the Propeller web portal, which was a popular social-news site, similar to Digg, which was given a new look in June 2006. AOL marketed a discount ISP service under the Netscape brand name.

A new version of the Netscape browser, Netscape Navigator 9, based on Firefox 2, was released in October 2007. It featured a green and grey interface. In November 2007, IE had 77.4% of the browser market, Firefox 16.0% and Netscape 0.6%, according to Net Applications, an Internet metrics firm.[43] On December 28, 2007, AOL announced that on February 1, 2008 it would drop support for the Netscape web browser and would no longer develop new releases.[10] The date was later extended to March 1[11] to allow a major security update and to add a tool to assist users in migrating to other browsers. These additional features were included in the final version of Netscape Navigator 9 (version 9.0.0.6), released on February 20, 2008.

Software[ Main article: Netscape (web browser)

Classic releases

Netscape Navigator (versions 0.9–4.08)[

Main article: Netscape Navigator

Netscape Navigator was Netscape’s web browser from versions 1.0–4.8. The first beta versions were released in 1994 and were called Mosaic and later Mosaic Netscape. Then, a legal challenge from the National Center for Supercomputing Applications(makers of NCSA Mosaic), which many of Netscape’s founders used to develop, led to the name Netscape Navigator. The company’s name also changed from Mosaic Communications Corporation to Netscape Communications Corporation.

The browser was easily the most advanced available[citation needed] and so was an instant success, becoming market leader while still in beta.[citation needed] Netscape’s feature-count and market share continued to grow rapidly after version 1.0 was released. Version 2.0 added a full email reader called Netscape Mail, thus transforming Netscape from a single-purpose web browser to an Internet suite. The main distinguishing feature of the email client was its ability to display HTML email. During this period, the entire suite was called Netscape Navigator.

Version 3.0 of Netscape (the first beta was codenamed “Atlas”) was the first to face any serious competition in the form of Microsoft Internet Explorer 3.0.[44][citation needed] But Netscape easily remained the number one browser for the time being.

Netscape also released a Gold version of Navigator 3.0 that incorporated WYSIWYG editing with drag and drop between web editor and email components.[45]

Netscape Communicator (versions 4.0–4.8)

Netscape Communicator 4.61 for OS/2 Warp

Main article: Netscape Communicator

Netscape 4 addressed the problem of Netscape Navigator being used as both the name of the suite and the browser contained within it by renaming the suite to Netscape Communicator. After five preview releases in 1996–1997, Netscape released the final version of Netscape Communicator in June 1997. This version, more or less based on Netscape Navigator 3 Code, updated and added new features. The new suite was successful, despite increasing competition from Internet Explorer (IE) 4.0 and problems with the outdated browser core. IE was slow and unstable on the Mac platform until version 4.5.[citation needed] Despite this, Apple entered into an agreement with Microsoft to make IE the default browser on new Mac OS installations, a further blow to Netscape’s prestige.[citation needed] The Communicator suite was made up of Netscape Navigator, Netscape Mail & Newsgroups, Netscape Address Book and Netscape Composer (an HTML editor).

In January 1998, Netscape Communications Corporation announced that all future versions of its software would be available free of charge and developed by an open source community, Mozilla. Netscape Communicator 5.0 was announced (codenamed “Gromit”). However, its release was greatly delayed, and meanwhile there were newer versions of Internet Explorer, starting with version 4. These had more features than the old Netscape version, including better support of HTML 4, CSSDOM, and ECMAScript; eventually, the more advanced Internet Explorer 5.0 became the market leader.

In October 1998, Netscape Communicator 4.5 was released. It featured various functionality improvements, especially in the Mail and Newsgroups component, but did not update the browser core, whose functionality was essentially identical to that of version 4.08. One month later, Netscape Communications Corporation was bought by AOL. In November, work on Netscape 5.0 was canceled in favor of developing a completely new program from scratch.

Mozilla-based releases

Netscape 6 (versions 6.0–6.2.3)

Main article: Netscape 6

In 1998, an informal group called the Mozilla Organization was formed and largely funded by Netscape (the vast majority of programmers working on the code were paid by Netscape) to co-ordinate the development of Netscape 5 (codenamed “Gromit”), which would be based on the Communicator source code. However, the aging Communicator code proved difficult to work with and the decision was taken to scrap Netscape 5 and re-write the source code. The re-written source code was in the form of the Mozilla web browser, on which, with a few additions, Netscape 6 was based.

This decision meant that Netscape’s next major version was severely delayed. In the meantime, Netscape was taken over by AOL who, acting under pressure from the Web Standards Project, forced its new division to release Netscape 6.0 in 2000. The suite again consisted of Netscape Navigator and the other Communicator components, with the addition of a built-in AOL Instant Messenger client, Netscape Instant Messenger. However, it was clear that Netscape 6 was not yet ready for release and it flopped badly. It was based on Mozilla 0.6, which was not ready to be used by the general public yet due to many serious bugs that would cause it to crash often or render web pages slowly. Later versions of Netscape 6 were much improved(especially 6.2.x was regarded as a good release)[who?], but the browser still struggled to make an impact on a disappointed community.

Netscape 7 (versions 7.0–7.2)[

Main article: Netscape 7

Netscape 7.0 (based on Mozilla 1.0.1) was released in August 2002 as a direct continuation of Netscape 6 with very similar components. It picked up a few users, but was still very much a minority browser. It did, however, come with the popular Radio@Netscape Internet radio client. AOL had decided to deactivate Mozilla’s popup-blocker functionality in Netscape 7.0, which created an outrage in the community. AOL learned the lesson for Netscape 7.01 and allowed Netscape to reinstate the popup-blocker. Netscape also introduced a new AOL-free-version (without the usual AOL addons) of the browser suite. Netscape 7.1 (codenamed “Buffy” and based on Mozilla 1.4) was released in June 2003.

In 2003, AOL closed down its Netscape division and laid-off or reassigned all of Netscape’s employees. Mozilla.org continued, however, as the independent Mozilla Foundation, taking on many of Netscape’s ex-employees. AOL continued to develop Netscape in-house (with help from Sun’s Beijing development center[39]), but, due to there being no staff committed to it, improvements were minimal. One year later, in August 2004, the last version based on Mozilla was released: Netscape 7.2, based on Mozilla 1.7.2.

After an official poll posted on Netscape’s community support board in late 2006, speculation arose of the Netscape 7 series of suites being fully supported and updated by Netscape’s in-house development team.[46][47][48] This was not to be.

Mozilla Firefox-based releases[Netscape Browser (version 8.0–8.1.3)

Between 2005 and 2007, Netscape’s releases became known as Netscape Browser. AOL chose to base Netscape Browser on the relatively successful Mozilla Firefox, a re-written version of Mozilla produced by the Mozilla Foundation. This release is not a full Internet suite as before, but is solely a web browser. Other controversial decisions include the browser’s being made only for Microsoft Windows and its featuring both the Gecko rendering engine of previous releases and the Trident engine used in Internet Explorer. AOL’s acquisition of Netscape Communications in November 1998[49] made it less of a surprise when the company laid off the Netscape team and outsourced development to Mercurial Communications.[when?] Netscape Browser 8.1.3 was released on April 2, 2007, and included general bug fixes identified in versions 8.0–8.1.2[50][51]

Netscape Navigator (version 9.0)[

Netscape Navigator 9.0

Netscape Navigator 9‘s features were said to include newsfeed support and become more integrated with the Propeller Internet portal,[52] alongside more enhanced methods of discussion, submission and voting on web pages.[53] It also sees the browser return to multi-platform support across WindowsLinux and Mac OS X.[54] Like Netscape version 8.x, the new release was based upon the popular Mozilla Firefox (version 2.0), and supposedly had full support of all Firefox add-ons and plugins, some of which Netscape was already providing.[55] Also for the first time since 2004, the browser was produced in-house with its own programming staff.[56] A beta of the program was first released on June 5, 2007.[57] The final version was released on October 15, 2007.

End of development and support

AOL officially announced[10][11] that support for Netscape Navigator would end on March 1, 2008, and recommended that its users download either the Flock or Firefox browsers, both of which were based on the same technology.[58]

The decision met mixed reactions from communities, with many arguing that the termination of product support is significantly belated. Internet security site Security Watch stated that a trend of infrequent security updates for AOL’s Netscape caused the browser to become a “security liability”, specifically the 2005–2007 versions, Netscape Browser 8.[59] Asa Dotzler, one of Firefox’soriginal bug testers, greeted the news with “good riddance” in his blog post, but praised the various members of the Netscape team over the years for enabling the creation of Mozilla in 1998.[60] Others protested and petitioned AOL to continue providing vital security fixes to unknowing or loyal users of its software, as well as protection of a well-known brand.[61][62][63]

Mozilla Thunderbird-based releases

Netscape Messenger 9

Main article: Netscape Messenger 9

On June 11, 2007, Netscape announced Netscape Mercury, a standalone email and news client that was to accompany Navigator 9. Mercury was based on Mozilla Thunderbird.[64] The product was later renamed Netscape Messenger 9, and an alpha version was released. In December 2007, AOL announced it was canceling Netscape’s development of Messenger 9 as well as Navigator 9.

Product list

Initial product line

Netscape’s initial product line consisted of:

  • Netscape Navigator web browser for WindowsMacintoshOS/2Unix, and Linux
  • Netsite Communications web server, with a web-based configuration interface[65]
  • Netsite Commerce web server, simply the Communications server with SSL (https) added

  • Netscape Proxy Server

Later Netscape products

Netscape’s later products included:

  • Netscape Personal Edition (the browser along with PPP software and an account creation wizard to sign up with an ISP)
  • Netscape Communicator (a suite which included Navigator along with tools for mail, news, calendar, VoIP, and composing web pages, and was bundled with AOL Instant Messenger and RealAudio)
  • Netscape FastTrack and Enterprise web servers
  • Netscape Collabra Server, a NNTP news server acquired in a purchase of Collabra Software, Inc.
  • Netscape Directory Server, an LDAP server
  • Netscape Messaging Server, an IMAP and POP mail server
  • Netscape Certificate Server, for issuing SSL certificates
  • Netscape Calendar Server, for group scheduling

  • Netscape Compass Server, a search engine and spider
  • Netscape Application Server, for designing web applications
  • Netscape Publishing System, for running a commercial site with news articles and charging users per access

  • Netscape Xpert Servers

    • ECxpert – a server for EDI message exchange
    • SellerXpert – B to B Commerce Engine
    • BuyerXpert – eProcurement Engine

    • BillerXpert – Online Bill Paying Engine

    • TradingXpert – HTML EDI transaction frontend

    • CommerceXpert – Online Retail Store engine

  • Radio@Netscape and Radio@Netscape Plus

Propeller[

Main article: Propeller.com

Between June 2006 and September 2007, AOL operated Netscape’s website as social news website similar to Digg. The format did not do well as traffic dropped 55.1 percent between November 2006 and August 2007.[66] In September 2007, AOL reverted Netscape’s website to a traditional news portal, and rebranded the social news portal as “Propeller”, moving the site to the domain “propeller.com.” AOL shut down the Propeller website on October 1, 2010.[66]

Netscape Search Netscape operated a search engine, Netscape Search, which now redirects to AOL Search (which itself now merely serves Googlesearch results)[]. Another version of Netscape Search was incorporated into Propeller.

Other sites

Netscape also operates a number of country-specific Netscape portals, including Netscape Canada among others. The portal of Netscape Germany was shut down in June 2008.

The Netscape Blog was written by Netscape employees discussing the latest on Netscape products and services. Netscape NewsQuake (formally Netscape Reports) is Netscape’s news and opinion blog, including video clips and discussions. As of January 2012, no new posts have been made on either of these blogs since August 2008.

Netscape technologies

Netscape created the JavaScript web page scripting language. It also pioneered the development of push technology, which effectively allowed web sites to send regular updates of information (weather, stock updates, package tracking, etc.) directly to a user’s desktop (aka “webtop”); Netscape’s implementation of this was named Netcaster.[67] Unfortunately, businesses quickly recognized the use of push technology to deliver ads to users that annoyed them, so Netcaster was short-lived.

Netscape was notable for its cross-platform efforts. Its client software continued to be made available for Windows (3.19598NT), Macintosh, Linux, OS/2BeOS, and many versions of Unix including DECSun SolarisBSDIIRIXIBM AIX, and HP-UX. Its server software generally was only available for Unix and Windows NT, though some of its servers were made available on Linux, and a version of Netscape FastTrack Server was made available for Windows 95/98. Today, most of Netscape’s server offerings live on as the Sun Java System, formerly under the Sun ONE branding. Although Netscape Browser 8 was Windows only, multi-platform support exists in the Netscape Navigator 9 series of browsers.[33]

Current services

Netscape Internet Service[ Netscape ISP is a 56 kbit/s dial-up service offered at US$9.95 per month[68] (US$6.95 with 12-month commitment). The company serves webpages in a compressed format to increase effective speeds up to 1300 kbit/s (average 500 kbit/s). The Internet service provider is run by AOL under the Netscape brand. The low-cost ISP was officially launched on January 8, 2004.[69] Its main competitor is NetZero. Netscape ISP’s advertising is generally aimed at a younger demographic, e.g., college students, and people just out of school, as an affordable way to gain access to the Internet.

Netscape.com

Netscape always drove lots of traffic from various links included in the browser menus to its web properties. Some say it was very late to leverage this traffic[70] for what would become the start of the major online portal wars.[71] When it did, Netcenter, the new name for its site entered the race with Yahoo!, Infoseek, and MSN, which Google would only join years later.

The original Netscape.com was discontinued in June 2006, replaced by the site that would eventually become Propeller.com. Two continuations of the original Netscape.com portal are available; Compuserve.com, the Web site of Compuserve, and ISP.Netscape.com, the web site for Netscape’s dial-up discount ISP service, continue to use the Netscape.com layout as it was before June 2006. Of the two, only the latter explicitly uses the Netscape branding.

Netscape.com is currently an AOL Netscape-branded mirror duplicate of the AOL.com portal with the URL, replacing the former social news website in September 2007. The social news site moved to the Propeller.com domain, where it stayed until ending operations in October 2010. It features facilities such as news, sports, horoscopes, dating, movies, music and more. The change has come to much criticism amongst many site users, because the site has effectively become an AOL clone, and simply re-directs to regional AOL portals in some areas across the globe. Netscape’s exclusive features, such as the Netscape Blog, Netscape NewsQuake, Netscape Navigator, My Netscape and Netscape Community pages, are less accessible from the AOL Netscape designed portal and in some countries not accessible at all without providing a full URL or completing an Internet search.[72] The new AOL Netscape site was originally previewed in August 2007 before moving the existing site in September 2007.[73]

Netscape.co.uk now redirects to AOL Search, with no Netscape branding at all.[74]

DMOZ

Main article: DMOZ

DMOZ (from directory.mozilla.org, its original domain name, also known as the Open Directory Project or ODP), was a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned[citation needed] by Netscape that was constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors.

Netscape Forum Center

Netscape also has a wide variety of community-based forums within Netscape Forum Center, including its browser‘s community support board. To post on the forums, users must possess an AOL Screenname account in which to sign in, referred to within the site as the Netscape Network. The same service is also available through Compuserve Forum Center.

See also

References

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Further reading

  • Jim ClarkNetscape Time: The Making of the Billion-Dollar Start-Up That Took On Microsoft, St. Martin’s Press, 1999.
  • Michael E. Cusumano and David B. Yoffie, Competing On Internet Time: Lessons From Netscape And Its Battle With Microsoft, The Free Press, 1998, 2000.

  • Fortune Magazine, “Remembering Netscape: The Birth Of The Web”, July 25, 2005.

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